Day to Day => Towns & Villages => Local Government => Topic started by: kyn on August 31, 2012, 19:48:49

Title: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on August 31, 2012, 19:48:49
Friday 16th August, 1861

Lord Palmerston and the Cinque Ports.
The reports circulated that the new Lord Warden would be institute on the 16th inst. were wholly unauthorised and erroneous.  The day really fixed for the ceremony is the 28th inst.  It is proposed to revive much of the ancient state and pageantry appertaining to these formalities.  The detailed programme for the occasion has not yet been definitively settled, but it is understood that the magistracy and corporation of Dover, together with representatives from the five ports (Dover, Sandwich, Hythe, Romney, and Hastings), the two ancient towns (Winchelsea and Rye), and their outlying members, will assemble at Dover Castle at noon on the 28th inst. for the purpose of receiving their new chief.  A procession will there be formed, in which the various volunteer corps of the ports are expected to take part, and by which the new Lord Warden will be escorted to the Drop Redoubt on the Western heights, where a Court of Shipway will be constituted after the ancient manner by the suitors who attend in obedience to his Lordship’s mandate.  Here the Premier will be regularly inducted, taking the usual engagements on the acceptance of his high office, with this single exception, that he will not bind himself to conserve and maintain the peculiar privileges and immunities of the Cinque Ports, for the very sufficient reason that those peculiar privileges and immunities have no longer any substantial existence.  This part of the day’s proceedings concluded, a banquet will afterwards be given to his Lordship in the new Town-hall, which has recently undergone extensive renovation.  It is thought that, though capable of seating some 400 or 500 guests, the hall will not suffice to accommodate all the applicants for tickets.  The Volunteers of Tenterden, in their eagerness to do honour to the Premier, threaten, it is said, to move upon Dover en masse, and claim for themselves alone the lion’s share of the whole available space.  A meeting of the inhabitants of Dover was held yesterday (the Mayor presiding) to take steps for the due conduct of the banquet.  A proposal was there made for holding the dinner in a large tent, to be specially erected for the purpose; but after grave debate it was determined to adhere to the original plan, which offers the preponderating advantage to the local mind, that it will afford an admirable opportunity of inaugurating the newly-decorated hall – a matter to which the desire of some to impart a more popular character to the banquet would necessarily have to give way.  Lady Palmerston and the Hon. Mr. Cowper are now staying at Walmer Castle, the official residence of the Lord Warden, where it is expected that they will very shortly be joined by the Lord Warden.
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on September 04, 2012, 19:36:35
Thursday 29th august, 1861

Installation of Lord Palmerston as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.

Yesterday Lord Palmerston was formally installed in his office of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, with much pomp and circumstance, and amid every demonstration of popular enthusiasm.  The curious and interesting ceremony, vividly recalling the ancient glory and importance of this historical group of haven towns, and reviving not a little of the pageantry and state of bygone times, took place at Dover, the principal of the five ports, and the centre of the Lord warden’s jurisdiction.  Every effort had been made by the “barons,” jurats, and commonalty of the ports to give a cordial and fitting welcome to their chief on his entrance upon the duties of his office, and to celebrate the event with becoming jubilation and splendour.  Those efforts have been crowned with a triumphant success.  The noble Lord Warden received from the future subjects and retained of his quasi palatinate a most hearty greeting.  Every auspicious circumstance combined to impart éclat to his induction.  The glorious sunshine lent its richest aid to bring out all the picturesqueness and beauty which nature and art have lavished with no prodigal a hand upon Dover and its neighbourhood.  The ancient castle, which Mathew Paris in his day described as clavis et repagulum tortious regni, and which, in spite of the altered conditions of modern warfare, possesses a high strategical value in connexion with out sea and land defences, looked nobler and grander than ever; and the frowning battlements of the neighbouring heights, the bold and beetling cliffs – blinding in their dazzling whiteness – the lovely bay, whose waters lay sleeping below, as smooth and refulgent as a vast burnished mirror, together with the unwonted animation and gaiety which pervaded every nook and corner of the old town ad port in connexion with the day’s festivities, all gave to the entire picture an indefinable charm, the potent spell of which stirred the pulse even of the most blasé inhabitant.  The Lord warden himself, at this his first official visit to the seat of his new authority, could not fail to be as much impressed with its external aspect as he must have been gratified by his reception from the townspeople.

No such gala day as yesterday has been known at Dover since the Cinque Ports – some 20 years ago – gave a memorable banquet to their late industrious Lord warden, the Great Duke, when the “Barons,” and several thousand other auditors from fat and near, were electrified by the glowing eloquence of Lord Brougham, to whom the task of panegyrizing England’s “hero of a hundred fights” was so fitly confided.

The lieges of Dover were astir from an early hour giving the finishing touch to their triumphal arches, floral devices, flags, banners, and other tokens of rejoicing.  The streets from the first of the morning were literally alive with the townspeople, and the concourse was hour by hour increased by the steady influx of strangers brought from a distance by the excursion trains and steamboats.

The Review.

The programme of the day’s festivities commenced with a review of the various corps of Cinque Ports Rifle and artillery Volunteers which was held on a fine plateau behind the Castle.  The rendezvous of the troops was at Waterloo-crescent, whence they marched to the review ground accompanied by their bands, and followed by thousands of the town’s-people and visitors.  The route lay up the Castle Hill, no ordinary acclivity to ascend in quick time under a blazing sun, whose intensity was greatly aggravated by the chalky soil, which seems at once to retain and refract the burning heat.  A scorching atmosphere, however, was unheeded by the immense mass of the ardent holyday keepers; although, indeed, before the military spectacle was half over several of the volunteers had to involuntarily retire from the ground through their sufferings from the sultriness of the day.

The different corps on the ground, with their respective officers in command, were:- The Margate rifles (under the command of Captain cox) and Artillery (Sergeant-Major Caveler); the Deal Rifles (Ensign Carney); the Ramsgate Rifles (Captain Young) and artillery (Captain Hammond); the Dover Artillery (Captain Wollaston) and Rifles (Captain Churchyard); the Hastings Coast and Marine Artillery(Major V. Harcourt) and Rifles (the Hon. Captain Waldergrave); the Tenterden Rifles (Lieutenant Saunders); the Folkestone Artillery (Lieutenant Clarke) and Rifles (Captain Leith); the Hythe Artillery (Lieutenant Andrews), and Rifles (Ensign Watts).

Lord Palmerston rode over from Walmer on horseback, accompanied by the Hon. W. Couper, M.P., and arrived on the ground about 1 o’clock, the troops, who numbered in all somewhat under 1,000 men, were drawn up in a line to receive.  His Lordship wore the uniform of a Lord Warden – a blue cloth coat with red collar, and his Grand Cross of the Bath.  He was assisted by Colonel Luard, Assistant Inspector of Volunteers in the South-Eastern District by Brigadier-General-Garvoch, Commandant of Dover Garrison; General Dalzell; Colonel M’Murdo; Colonel Ambrose, 3d Buffs; Colonel Cuppage, Commandant of Artillery of the South-Eastern District; Colonel Aylmer, R.A.’ Lord Elcho, who appeared in the uniform of the London Scottish, and other officers.  The manoeuvres through which the Volunteers were put were of an ordinary and simple kind, and were performed with steadiness and precision.  Having marched past their chief, and executed several skirmishing movements the review was brought to a close.  The Lord Warden and his suite then proceeded to the Castle to luncheon, and on entering under the Governor’s archway he was received with a Royal salute of 19 guns.  Here the procession was formed, and left the Castle by the drawbridge in the following order:-

Cinque Ports Volunteer Artillery Corps.
Governors and Deputy-Governors of the several Forts and Castles within the Cinque Ports, two by two.
Mayors of the Cinque Ports, accompanied by their Recorders, Town Clerks, and Coroners, with their Barons and Returned Men in their Gowns, two by two, preceded by their respective Mace-bearers and officers.
Two Attendants of the corporation of Dover, in Livery.
Sergeant of the Admiralty in his Robes, bearing his Silver Oar.
Proctors of the court of Admiralty, robed.
Registrar of the Ports, robed.
The Judge of the Chancery and Admiralty Courts, in his robes.
Surrogate of the Cinque Ports Court of Admiralty, in his robes.
Lord Warden’s Secretary.
The Lieutenant of Dover Castle.
Trumpets, &c.
The Lord warden.
Officers and Gentlemen attending on the Lord warden, Riding.
Such of the Barons of the Cinque Ports as were there, two by two.
Cinque Ports Volunteer Rifle Corps.

The route was lined by the 3d Buffs.  Every window, balcony, housetop, and many stands specially erected for the accommodation of spectators, where a view of the procession could be obtained were tested to their utmost capacity, and tumultuous cheering was kept along its whole course until is arrived at

The Court of Shepway.
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on September 05, 2012, 09:49:56
The Court of Shepway.

This Court was held at Bredenstone-hill, in a tent, within the Drop Redoubt.  His Lordship sat on a raised dais, covered with crimson carpet, with the mayors of Dover, Hastings, Hythe, Rye, Feversham, Folkestone, Deal, Sandwich, New Romney, and Winchelsea, the bailiffs of Lydd and Pevensey, the mayors of Seaford, Tenterden, and Margate, ranged in a semi-circle around him, bearing theirs wands of office.  The officers of the Court in their official robes were next placed at the extremities of the semi-circle as follows: -

The Judge of the Admiralty Court of the Cinque Ports (Dr. Phillimore), the Surrogate (Mr. James Stilwell). The Serjeant of Admiralty, the Recorder of Dover, the Admiralty Proctor, and the Coroner of Dover.  The general body of delegates from the Ports occupied seats arranged transversely, and running down the whole length of the tent within the bar.  Beyond the barrier a considerable number of ladies and gentlemen were accommodated as spectators. The Hon. Mr. Cowper and other distinguished spectators occupied a kind of alcove to the right of the Lord Warden, and the Hon. Captain Waldegrave, in the Windsor uniform, was in attendance on his Lordship.

The Lord Warden having taken his seat, now wearing his Order of the Garter, the Seneschal (Mr. E. Knocker, Town Clerk of Dover) conducted the formalities for duly constituting the Court.  The mandate requiring the ports, towns, and their limits to send representatives to the Court was read by the Seneschal.  The quaint and antique phraseology of this document drew a smile from some of the spectators.  It began by reciting the style and titles of his Lordship as “Henry John Temple, Viscount Palmerston, Constable of the Castle of Dover, Lord Warden, Chancellor, and Admiral of the Cinque Ports, two ancient towns, and their members,” &c.  It was addressed thus:- “To all and singular the Mayor and Bailiffs of the Cinque Ports, two ancient towns, and members of the said Cinq Ports, and to every of them greetings.”  It then declared that for “certain good reasons and considerations him thereunto especially moving,” his Lordship notified to them that he “purposed and resolved, by God’s grace, to be at Bredenstone-hill, within the liberty of the town and port of Dover, on the 28th day of August inst., then there to hold a Grand Court of Shepway, according to the ancient usage and customs of the said Cinque Ports, and there to take upon himself the duties of the said office.”  It, accordingly, “straightly charged and commanded them and every of them to give good summons and lawful warning unto six, five, four, of the best and most discreet ‘corporate com-barons,’” from each port, &c., to attend his at the time and place aforesaid, together with the Mayors and bailiffs or their deputies, “ to do as to them hath been accustomed and belongeth.”

The returns to the writ were next made, from which it appeared that 14 different corporations send delegates.

The original five ports, the two ancient towns and their “limbs,” or members, were represented as follows:-

Dover, by the Mayor, the Deputy-Mayor, two aldermen, and two town councillors; Sandwich, by its Mayor, two aldermen, and three councillors; New-Romney, by its Mayor, two jurats, and four freemen, and commoners; Hastings, by its Mayor and seven aldermen and councillors; Hythe, by its Mayor and four members of its council; Rye, by its Mayor, two aldermen, and five councillors; Winchelsea, by its Mayor and three jurats; Folkestone, by its Mayor, four aldermen, and two councillors; Feversham, by its Mayor, one alderman, and four councillors; Deal, by its Mayor, three aldermen, and three commoners; Tenterden, by five members of its corporation; Pevensey, by six ditto; Seaford, by its bailiff, three jurats, and one freeman; Lydd, by its bailiff and five jurats.  Fordwich (a decayed “limb” of Sandwich, with only 237 inhabitants by the Census of 1851) send to representative.

The Seneschal then called over the roll, when the com-barons summoned answered to their names in the order of the precedence belonging to the different ports.  He then reported to his Lordship that returns had been made from all the towns within the liberties of the Cinque Ports excepting Fordwich.

Lord Palmerston then said, - The Court having been formed, I have now to declare that, having been nominated by Her Most Gracious Majesty to the office of Constable of the Castle of Dover, Lord warden, Admiral, and chancellor of the Cinque Ports, two ancient towns and their members, an office vacant by the lamented death of the most noble the Marquis of Dalhousie, I have summoned the Grand Court of Shipway, pursuant to ancient usage and custom, on entering thereto I request that my patent of office may be read by the Seneschal.

The patent was read accordingly, conferring on his Lordship the remnant of the ancient jurisdiction attached to his office, together with the right to all wrecks of flotsam, jetsam, and lagen, or lost merchandise, and all things taken up, gotten, or recovered from the sea, either by himself, his deputies, or agents of all the ports or creeks, as well by land as water, within the precincts and liberties of the Cinque Ports, the office to continue for life.

The Mayor of Hythe, the speaker of the Ports for this year, - a post which falls to the chief magistrate of each port in annual rotation, 0 then requested his Lordship to take charge of the ports, waiving the usual request that he would take the oath binding him to maintain their special rights and immunities, which no longer exist.

Lord Palmerston rose and said, - I have great pleasure in accepting the office conferred upon me by the Queen, and ratified by this Court.  I shall feel it my duty to fulfil all that belongs to that ancient and honourable office.  (Hear.)

[This announcement was received with a loud applause instantaneously followed by a salute of 19 guns from the adjacent battery.]

Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on September 08, 2012, 20:20:06
Dr. Phillimore then addressed the Lord Warden as follows:-  My Lord Viscount Palmerston, Constable of Dover, Lord Warden of Dover, Sandwich, Romney, Hastings, and Hythe, of the member towns Winchelsea and Rye, and the other tributaries, - Time-honoured custom casts upon the holder of my office the duty – I  should, perhaps, more accurately say invests him with the privilege – of addressing a few sentences on behalf of the mayors, bailiffs, barons, and other inhabitants of the Cinque Ports, to the Lord warden on the occasion of his installation, at this his first grand Court of Shipway.  I find, my Lord Warden, that according to ancient precedent the speaker on this occasion ought to confine himself to two topics – he ought to congratulate the Lord warden upon the high dignity and emoluments of his office, and he ought also, after the fashion of free subjects addressing a constitutional Sovereign, gently to remind the Lord warden that his subjects have rights which he is bound to protect and privileges which he is bound to maintain.  To former speakers, my lord warden, these topics were somewhat more fruitful than, unfortunately, they came be to me.  The ruthless hand of an unromantic Legislature has made much havoc with the substantial emoluments of the Lord Warden’s office, and with the rights and privileges of those over whom he is appointed to rule.  Enough, however, of this ancient institution happily remains to preserve the relations between the Lord Warden and the inhabitants of the Cinque Ports, and to justify the present solemnity.  Not to mention other privileges, the rights of the Lord Warden to jetsum, floatsum, and lagun still remain intact, and the admiralty Court over which I have the honour to preside, and from which there is but one appeal – to the Crown, still retains its jurisdiction from the shore beacon on the coast of Essex to the red cliffs by Seaford on the coast of Sussex.  Time is indeed a great destroyer and a great innovator; he lays his withering hand upon the outward form and visible fabric of many a goodly institution; but if the institution be founded upon a true and sound principle, over that he has no power; it is indestructible; it escapes from his grasp; it survives the outward form; it may assume another shape; it may animate, like the Dervish in the Eastern fable, another body; but it survives, it is not extinguished.  Let me apply this observation to the present status of the Cinque Ports.  What though no more these havens equip 57 ships at the command of their Sovereign?  What though no more – as in the time of the Plantagenets – they anticipate the order of the State, and, unbidden, make war to avenge an insult offered to the national flag?  What though no more – as in the time of the Tudors – the navy of the Cinque Ports enables the Sovereign to think foul scorn that a foreign force should invade the borders of England?  What though those times and their peculiar exigencies have passed away – and the burden of maintaining the maritime defences of Great Britain  be now wisely apportioned over the whole kingdom; yet the spirit of loyalty to the Throne and of love to the country which once animated the crews of the Cinque Ports galleys stull survive.  Witness the magnificent spectacle of this day – of that gallant force of Volunteers which has sprung into sudden existence at the shadow of a shade of a menace offered to out fatherland; of that force whose remarkable characteristic it is that the private soldier is often, in refinement of nurture and gentleness of birth, not inferior to the officer whom commands him; of that force which recalls to our recollections the classical lines:-

“Egreditur miles castris generosus ab liaden
“E quells dux fuero quillibet aptus erat:-“
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on September 09, 2012, 19:44:11
..of that noble army of patriots no part of Her Majesty’s dominions has furnished a better more efficient quota than these ancient Cinque Ports.  (Cheers,) Long may they retain all their remaining privileges, and among these long may their Barons preserve that peculiar privilege which their loyalty has ever merited, of assisting at the coronation of our Sovereign.  Long may Shakespeare’s lines be true:-

“They that bear
“The cloth of honour over her are four Barons
“Of the Cinque Ports.”

To many persons, my Lord Warden, all traditionary customs and rights appear idle and useless, but I demur to their philosophy.  I deny their statesmanship.  To you, my Lord warden, we know that we shall not look in vain for respect for traditional usage, to conciliate progress with stability, to accept the spirit of the present, and to reverence that of the past; to pursue a policy at once reforming and conservative is the high mission entrusted by the Crown and the people to your Lordship’s hands, and with that mission the present ceremony is not inconsistent.  Indeed, my Lord Warden, the ceremony furnishes of itself no insignificant proof of your extraordinary popularity, for I am informed by our Seneschal that the last public recorded installation was that of the Duke of Dorset in 1765.  During that interval nearly a century has rolled away.  And what a century!  What mighty names do I find on the master roll of Lord Wardens.  For to pass others, and even your immediate predecessor, the able and gifted Dalhousie, whose loss we have not yet ceased to lament, think of the names alone of Pitt and Wellington, both dear to this country for their many victories – victories of peace (for such there are) and victories of war, but dearer still for the true English hearts which warmed their bosoms, for the genuine love which they bore to their country.  And my Lord warden, permit me to say that it is not so much that your name has been associated for many years with every great political event in Europe – of all of which you have indeed been a great part – and by a happy fortune having been the chosen friend of the great Canning you have lived to choose his illustrious son for the preservation of India; not so much that you are now in possession of the highest object of ambition which a subject can attain; not so much on these grounds, ample as they are, that you are received, here as elsewhere, by this hearty greeting, but because there is a general and deeply rooted conviction throughout the land that your heart’s desire is to promote the welfare of England.  Fully sharing in this conviction we of the Cinque Ports heartily congratulate your lordship on this accession to your other honours, and we feel certain, that our remaining rights and privileges are safe in your Lordship’s hands.  (Cheers.)
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on September 10, 2012, 10:12:35
Lord Palmerston replied in these terms:- Gentlemen, I need not say that I have heard with the greatest delight, with feelings of gratitude as well as of pride, the eloquent address just delivered to us by a person distinguished in his learned profession as well as in other walks of life; for I well remember him eminence as a member of the Legislature.  It is peculiarly gratifying to me that that well-known voice should upon this occasion have complimented and congratulated me on my accession to this ancient and honourable post.  I quite concur with my learned friend, as I am sure he will permit me to call him, for our friendship has been of long standing and founded on a long acquaintance with his merits and deserts – I quite concur that we ought to respect ancient traditions, because, although they have a value which to a superficial observer may not at first be apparent, yet if anyone will look at the hearts of men and into his own feelings, he will be convinced that the knowledge that the town or the country, the corporation or the community, to which he belongs has been famous in history, has been loyal to the Sovereign and done good service to the country – that sentiment in his mind is a guarantee for good conduct in whatever circumstances he may be placed, because, independently of his own sense of what is right and what is wrong, he would feel ashamed of lowering the character of that community in connexion with which his ancestors for generations and centuries past have done credit to their country, and rendered themselves useful to the Crown and the State of which they formed part.  (Hear, hear.)  Gentlemen, I respect this corporation of the Cinque Ports.  It is true, as my learned friend has said, that the progress of general improvement has visited the Cinque Ports, as well as the other institutions of the land; but the progress of true improvement is not to demolish, but to amend (hear, hear, not to destroy ancient institutions, but to adopt them to the times in which we live, - to make them a part of a harmonious whole, instead of foreign excrescences upon the general fabric.  Why, that which we are now doing in this neighbourhood is an example of this.  We are increasing and improving those ancient works which in former ages were sufficient for the defence of this part of the realm.  We are adding to them modern improvements; we are removing those parts which are no longer suited to the exigencies of our times; and just in the same way, without destroying those venerable institutions of the Cinque Ports, we have removed from them those functions which might be better exercised by other parts of the constitution, with advantage not only to themselves, but to the community at large.  Gentlemen, I will not detain you any longer.  I will simply return you my sincere thanks for the hearty welcome you have given me, and assure you that, it it were my lot as a much younger man to live for many years to come, the recollection of the reception I have met with this day would survive in my bosom to the latest hour of my existence.

The members of the Court then did formal obeisance to his Lordship; and, the Mayor of Dover having invited his Lordship to a banquet in the evening, the delegates were dismissed and the Court dissolved.
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on September 15, 2012, 16:42:54
The Banquet.

The banquet was held in the Maison Dieu, which has been recently restored and decorated.  The building, which was formerly a religious house of the order of the Templers, is now used as a Town-hall.  It is the very edifice in which, according to local tradition, the recreant King John delivered his kingdom to the Papal Legate Randulf, and undertook to do homage for it as a vassal of the Pope, paying 1,000 marks as annual tribute.  The company arrived about 6 o’clock, and the Lord Warden, who had been escorted to the entrance by an enthusiastic multitude all the way from the lower end of the town, was again received vehement and continued cheers.  When the guests had all assembled, many of them appearing in full official costume, or in brilliant military uniforms, the spectacle presented was one of the most animated and dazzling description.

The hall is embellished with two painted windows, one erected (out of funds left for that purpose by Mr. Bass, the late town clerk of Dover,) to the memory of Captain Allen, a native, and one of the original adventurers in the Burra Burra, the richest copper mine in the world.  The subject of this window is the embarcation of Henry VIII from Dover for the Field of the Cloth of Gold.  The other window is a memorial of Mr. Thompson, the late coroner for Dover, and a lieutenant in the Artillery Volunteers, who lost his life in the fatal gun explosion there about a year since.  The subject is the “Landing of Charles II at Dover in 1660.”  Both windows, which are much admired for their artistic excellence, are the work of Mr. W. Wailes, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, from the designs by Mr. Edward Poynter.  One the north wall of the hall hangs a large full-length portrait of the Duke of Wellington, by Lilley, which appropriately reminds the spectators of the greatest of the long line of Lord Wardens of whom the barons of the Cinque Ports are justly proud.  On the walls, between the windows and the pictures, are grouped specimens (from the Tower) of the arms and equipments of arquebusiers and cuirassiers, chiefly of the period of the 16th century.  At the east end, above an equestrian picture of George IV and the groups of armour, are three shields, emblazoned in proper heraldic colours.  The central shield is composed of demi-lions and ships, the arms of the Cinque Ports, and those on the right and left the armorial insignia of Dover, the devices from its common seal, one representing St. Martin (the patron saint of the town) dividing his cloak, and the other the ancient gallery of the Ports.  All around the hall, at equal distances, are ranged the emblazoned coats of arms of former Wardens of the Cinque Ports.  The hall was lighted by means of elegant brass gas chandeliers, and the coup d'œil was unusually brilliant and imposing.
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on October 06, 2012, 20:51:48
The Mayor of Dover presided.  On his worship’s right sat the Lord Warden, the Hon. W. Cowper, and Lord Elcho; on his left Sir J. Burgoyne, Inspector-General of Fortifications, Lord Clarence Paget, M.P. for Sandwich, and the Hon. Captain Waldegrave.

Among the other guests were Mr. Nichol, M.P. for Dover, Brigadier Garvoch, commandant of the garrison, Colonel Cuppage, commandant of artillery, Mr. Steriker Finnis, W. H. Bodkin, recorder for Dover and assistant-judge of Middlesex Sessions, Dr. R. J. Phillimore, judge of the Cinque Port, all the officers of the court of Shipway, and the representatives of the Ports present at the morning’s ceremony.  About 350 gentlemen in all sat down to dinner.

Lady Palmerston and many other ladies occupied seats in the gallery.

The cloth having been removed,
The CHAIRMAN gave “Health of the Queen,” who reigned in the hearts of all her subjects.  If anything could increase the loyalty of the people of the Cinque Ports it would be the choice which Her Majesty had made of the distinguished nobleman who had that day been inducted into the Lord Wardenship.  (Loud cheers.)

“The health of the Prince Consort, Albert Prince of Wales, and the Rest of the Royal Family” having been duly honoured,

The CHAIRMAN next proposed “The Army, Navy, and Volunteers,” briefly recounting their recent heroic services in the Crimea, India, and China.

The toast having been cordially received,

Sir J. Burgoyne responded for the army.  He said that their distinguished guest had a strong claim to the homage of that service.  No Minister had shown so much justice and firmness in the consideration of military affairs as the noble lord, particularly in regard to the branch of the service to which he had the honour to belong.  He could not help thinking of what an able General the country had lost through the noble lord not having been brought up as a soldier.  (Laughter and cheers.)  The Cinque Ports in bygone times had been always regarded as standing in the forefront of our national defences.  He did not know how long they would continue to be so; but should the contingency of war befall us, he felt sure that in their present Lord Warden they would have a tower of strength far surpassing the towers of masonry which lined their coast, however valuable these might have been.
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on October 13, 2012, 18:58:55
Lord C. Paget, on behalf of the navy, said he had a double duty to perform, not only being connected with the Admiralty, but also having the honour to be a “Baron” of the Cinque Ports.  He might state with confidence that never was the navy of England in a more satisfactory state that at present.  God grant that it might never be called on to meet the foe, but it certainly had never been more prepared that it now was to do so.  The cast sums cheerfully voted for the support of the navy were, he believed now being judiciously expended; and a proof that the Government had not been neglectful in providing for the defence of the country would be witnessed ten days hence, when a magnificent iron-cased ship would pass Dover Bay.  (Cheers).  As regarded sailors, he could also assure them that the Admiralty were in a satisfactory position; they were complete in their numbers, and had no difficulty in manning our fleets.  (Cheers).  If he had been secretary to the Admiralty 300 years ago, he would have had some scruple in alluding there  to the vast sums required for our naval armaments, because the whole cost was then borne by the Cinque Ports (a laugh), whereas their inhabitants now contributed to the same proportion as the rest of the country.  He could not agree with Sir J. Burgoyne that their excellent Premier ought to have been brought up a soldier, but thought that, judging from the great knowledge and experience which the noble lord displayed in all discussions in naval matters, he would have made a first-rate sailor.  (Cheers and laughter).

Colonel M’Murdo returned thanks for the Volunteers, and bore testimony to the admirable manner in which the different corps of the Cinque Ports had acquitted themselves that day.  They consisted of scattered corps which had never been brought together before, but their performance had illustrated the principle which he had constantly enunciated, namely, that when company drill had been attended to there were now 347 batteries of Volunteer Artillery, such as these he had seen that day, representing a total force of 22,550 artillerymen; in addition to which we had 148,000 Volunteer Riflemen.  The latter body comprised of 211 battalions – that was to say, consolidated battalions in the large towns, under the command of field officers with their Staff, and what were called administrative battalions, consisting of scattered crops in the different counties, yet also under the command of field officers with their Staff.  Only the other day he had inspected 20 companies of these scattered corps, forming two battalions, in Worcester, and they went through all the manoeuvres required of infantry on a field day with great credit to themselves.  The main stay of the movement was the love of the people for firearms, which was being gradually developed by the Central Association, under the auspices of Lord Elcho, and altogether the Volunteer force throughout the country was in a very progressive state of efficiency.  A general order had recently been issued, in accordance with the wishes of the Government, for the instruction of the different corps, each of which, he was glad to say, would not have besides a field officer and adjutant, permanent sergeant attached.  Our Volunteers would not be above taking a lesson from what had happened in America, and perhaps our general officers might advantageously do the same.  General M’Clellan’s was also judiciously organising that great vehicle of intelligence, the public press.  Instead of chasing away its correspondents and representatives from his head-quarters, he had laid down a code of rules for their guidance, and appealed to their patriotism to follow it.  The weak point of our Volunteer system was said to be the officers.  No doubt, those gentlemen required time to attain proficiency, but he believed they would not undertake their important duties unless they really intended to qualify themselves for their proper fulfilment.  (Hear, hear).  In conclusion, the gallant colonel said that, as preceding speakers had claimed their Lord Warden for the Navy and the regular Army, he must also put in a claim to rank the noble lord among the Volunteers, among whom, indeed, he might now be considered to be enrolled.  (Laughter and cheers).
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on October 19, 2012, 20:13:01
Dr. Phillimore bid now to withdraw their minds from the thoughts inspired by some previous toasts and speeches.  He had not to speak to them of martial deeds by sea and land, or of the triumphs of civil statesmanship, but to propose a toast which related to a body of men who by their simple piety and pure doctrine, he believed in his conscience, had done as much or even more than any other classes ir profession in this kingdom for its general welfare.  The learned Doctor concluded by proposing “His grace the archbishop of Canterbury and the Clergy of the Diocese.”  (Cheers).

The Rev. Charles Collins, vicar of Faversham, acknowledged the toast.

The Chairman then rose to introduce the toast of the evening.  Having referred to the ancient glories of the Ports and eulogized the character and merits of their distinguished guest, his Worship gave the health of Viscount Palmerston, their new Lord Warden.

The toast was received with vehement and prolonged cheering.

Lord Palmerston then rose and said: - Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen, - it is really not one of those commonplace expressions which are usual on these occasions, if I say that no words can adequately express the smallest portion of the gratitude which I feel for the kind, the warm, the cordial reception which I have met with, not only in this hall, but in every part of the precincts of Dover through which I have passed during the proceedings of to-day.  Ut were indeed the saddest heart – as cold and as hard as the chalk and flint on which your castle stands (a laugh) – that could remain insensible to the warm and heartfelt demonstrations I have had the pleasure this day to receive from so large a number of my fellow countrymen.  I feel, indeed, gentlemen, that the only claim I can have to that goodwill so frankly and cordially displayed must be my good intentions to serve my country (hear, hear), my attachment and respect for the institutions of that country, and the opinion – it may be by some considered prejudice – Imbibed from the earliest years and strengthened and confirmed as years have rolled o, that my fellow countrymen, taken as a nation, have not their equal on the face of the earth.  (Applause.)  You will have the kindness, gentlemen, to receive this as a confidential communication, for I fear if it got abroad it might do harm.  (Laughter and applause.)  I feel that having accepted an office of high antiquity, of great honour and distinction, which has been held before me, I believe, by 118 distinguished men, and some of them the most distinguished this country has produced – I feel that some explanation may be due on my part for the temporary delay which took place in the filling up of the office.  The fact is, that when the vacancy occurred Her Majesty was graciously pleased to signify to me her intention to confer that office on me.  I deemed it my duty respectfully to state that I thought myself bound in the first place to ascertain whether, under the altered circumstances under which I was placed, it might be abolished.  I therefore took time to enquire.  I soon found that, although undoubtedly the office had been shorn of many of its former attributes and powers, it  was nevertheless so interwoven with the organization of the ancient Cinque Ports that to abolish it would have been tantamount to altering altogether, if not destroying, that ancient constitution, and knowing as I did, the deep-rooted and honourable attachment the people of the Cinque Ports feel for their ancient institutions, I concluded it was right that the office should be continued, and therefore I availed myself of the gracious invitation of Her Majesty by occupying it as had been proposed.  There was, therefor, some delay, for although the salary has disappeared (a laugh) there are in the patent, as those who heard it read this morning must remember, certain words about flotsam and jetsam, and similar matters (laughter), which imply some possible profit, and consequently, as the acceptance of the office necessarily vacated my seat in the House of Commons, it was not expedient that U should offer myself to my constituents therefore, gentlemen, to state that no disparagement of the dignity of the office, no under-valuing of the honour which it confers was the case of my apparent hesitation in accepting it.  (Hear, hear.)  Gentlemen, I honour the people of the Cinque Ports for their attachment to this ancient constitution.  There is nothing which more dignifies man than a clinging to ancient and honourable traditions.  Our patriotism, like our charity, ought to begin at home.  A man should begin by loving his home and his family; he should then love his town and his district; he should love his county, and then he will love his country.  (Cheers.)  So far from these local attachments narrowing the human mind or cramping and debasing its sympathies, they are the real, the true, and stable foundation for the enlarged and honourable feelings that bind men to the nation and country to which they belong.  In former times, as has been well said, the Cinque Ports furnished materials for the defence of the realm.  They were required to put afloat 57 vessels and their crews when our shores were in danger.  As my noble friend Lord Clarence Paget observed, you are now relieved from that special burden, and have only to put your shoulders to the wheel in common with the rest of your fellow countrymen.  We have now as magnificent a fleet which, as my noble friend justly said, is equal and, I may say, superior to anything in the world.  We have seen to-day that although you do not put sailors on board ship you put soldiers on the turf, and you still furnish as many men for the service of the State as formerly manned your ships.  And there was this gratifying circumstance notable in the scene we witnessed to-day, that along with the red and gray coats of the infantry and the darker colours of the artillery, the blue jackets were seen performing field evolutions with as much regularity and precision as the land troops.  We beheld the brave seamen and fishermen of the coast who have enrolled themselves for the service of their country, and qualifying themselves for any duty in defence of our shores should they ever be assailed by any enemy.  (Hear.)  Colonel M’Murdo truly observed that recent events in America should teach us a valuable lesson.  The example of what has happened across the Atlantic shows that you may collect thousands of men together and put uniforms on their backs and muskets in their hands, but you do not thereby convert them into soldiers or into an army (hear, hear); there must be discipline.  IT is not enough that there should be individual bravery.  Why, our cousins in America as individual men are as brave as any that tread the earth.  They are of the sae stock as ourselves, they are descended from the same parents, are animated by the same spirit, and prepared to encounter equal dangers.  But when thousands of men as personally courageous as any race in existence get together, each man wanting that confidence in his comrades which discipline and training can alone supply, they exhibit to the world that unfortunate rapidity of movement which took place at Bull’s Run.  (Laughter.)  That, I say, is no disparagement to the valour of the Americans, but affords, I repeat, a lesson which we ourselves may usefully ponder and remember – viz., that discipline and organization are indispensable to make any army efficient in the field.  But, gentlemen, although we may profit by the experience of others, I do not think the lessen is specially needed by the Volunteers of England, because those Volunteers having by their sagacity submitted themselves to military instruction and training, and are rapidly acquiring all that knowledge which is essential to military organization.  Some months ago I head Colonel M’Murdo at a public dinner, at which we were both present, state that either 30,000 or 40,000, I forget which, out of a force of 150,000 Volunteers were fitted tot take part with troops of the lone.  Since that time that 150,000 has, I believe, mounted to 170,000, and there can be no doubt that if their services are needed, that number would be speedily increased to any extent to which arms, ammunition, and officers could be found for them.  (Hear.)  Gentlemen, I think the Volunteer movement is the most honourable event recorded in the history of any nation.  If we had had - as was the case in former times – a large army and a great fleet collected on a neighbouring coat, threatening the invasion of this country, it was not surprising – indeed, it would have been surprising had the fact been otherwise – if hundreds and thousands of men should have started up and asked for instruction and organization as Volunteers.  But there was no such case in this instance.  There was, however, a feeling in the part of the people of this country – a kind of sagacious instinct - that our means of defence were not such as they ought to be.  There was a general indisposition to go beyond a certain standard in time of peace in regard to the numerical strength of our standing army, and a conviction that we could not expect to rival those Powers which have hundreds and thousands of armed men constantly arrayed within their limits.  The nation, on the other hand, felt that our regular army and militia, however excellent and efficient in themselves, were still short of what might by possibly be required, and by a spontaneous and almost instantaneous effort not suggested by the Government, but emanating from the independent action and public spirit of the people, there sprang into life that magnificent force of which we have an admirable sample to-day.  (Hear, hear.)  Gentlemen, I trust that that organisation is so engrained in the minds of Englishmen – has so entirely become one of the familiar sports and exercise of the nation, that no circumstances will ever induce them to give it up, and that no considerations, whether of economy or otherwise, will cause any Government to refuse the aid and encouragement necessary to give due effect to the movement.  (Cheers.)  We cannot, as I have said before, attempt to cope with those great States which maintain hundreds of thousands of regular soldiers.  We accept with frankness the right hand of friendship wherever it is tendered to us.  We do not distrust that proffered right hand, because we see the left hand grasping the hilt of the sward it would be extreme folly in us to throw away our shield of defence.  (Loud cheers.)  There are, gentlemen, two securities for peace.  The one consists in a state of perfect insignificance, the other is a state of perfect defence.  The security arising from perfect insignificance England, I think, will never enjoy.  (Laughter and cheers.)  The security for peace which arises from a perfect state of defence, unconnected with any notions of aggression, not coupled with hostility towards any one, but confined solely to a manly determination to protect and maintain what we have, is a security which I trust this country will long continue to possess.  (Cheers.)  And so far from that being a reason why the most friendly relations should not be kept up with foreign powers, in my opinion it is the only true, solid, and stable foundation upon which those friendly relations and the hope of a durable peace can permanently rest.  (Cheers.)  Mr. Mayor, my Lords, and gentlemen, I beg to return you mu most sincere and heartfelt thanks for the honour you have done me, and I can assure you that I shall ever consider the day now drawing to a close one of the proudest in the whole course of my life.  (Loud and prolonged cheers.) 

Several minor toasts followed, after which Lord and Lady Palmerston left the hall, and drove off amid the acclamations of the multitude to Walmer Castle.

The banquet, which was of a very sumptuous character and admirably served, was provided by the Messrs. Staples, of London, and fully supported the reputation of their establishment.  The musical arrangements were under the direction of Mr. Whinn, assisted by Miss J. Wells, Mrs. Winn, Mr. Donald King, Mr Shoebridge, and Mr. Fielding.  Mr. Harker ably officiated as toastmaker.

The town was brilliantly illuminated, the whole population thronging the streets and keeping up the festivities till far into the night.
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on November 01, 2012, 20:14:54
Thursday, 23rd June 1892

The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.

At Dover, yesterday, the Marquis of Dufferin and Ava was installed as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.  The brilliant ceremony of installing a Lord Warden has not been witnessed since 1861, when Lord Palmerston assumed the office.  The Court of Shepway, at which the Lord Warden was installed, is an exceedingly ancient institution, dating back to the year 1265, when Prince Edward became Lord Warden.  The Court has been held at several places at different periods, but the installations which have taken place during the last 200 years have been invariably held at the Bredenstone, which is the ruin of a Roman pharos, which was built on the highest point of the western height.  The stone is a very uninteresting looking relic, but it is carefully preserved within the precincts of the Drop redoubt, one of the small forts overlooking the Channel.  Here the principal ceremony took place yesterday.  Lord Dufferin is the 150th successor to the office of Lord Warden from the time of Godwin, Earl of Kent, 1053.  During the century 1792-1892, there have been seven holders of the office – namely, the Right hon. William Pitt, the Earl of Liverpool, the Duke of Wellington, the Marquis of Dalhousie, Lord Palmerston, Earl Granville, and the Right Hon. W. H. Smith.  The office of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports was hereditary until the reign of Richard I, and he was always a King’s officer.  It is the privilege of the barons connected with the ports to support the four staves of the canopy that covers the King’s head at his coronation, and afterwards to dine at the uppermost table in Westminster-Hall on his right hand.  This custom has been observed without interruption from the time of Henry III. to the coronation of Queen Victoria in 1836.

The ceremony yesterday was favoured by excellent weather, although the morning was very threatening, and there was a dense fog until nearly midday.  The proceedings formed a very striking pageant, and the preparations must have entailed a great deal of labour upon the seneschal of the Court (Mr. Wollaston Knocker, Town Clerk of Dover).  The ceremonies began in the banqueting-hall in the Castle Keep, where the mayors and barons from the 13 towns proceeded to elect the Speaker.  Every mayor was accompanied by his town clerk and mace-bearer.  Upon the proposal of the Mayor of Dover (Sir William Crundall) Mr. Tree, the Mayor of Hastings, was elected the Speaker of the Ports, and the whole party then proceeded to the church of St. Mary in the Castle, where a special service was conducted by the Rev. G. Sadlier, chaplain of the Forces, and an appropriate sermon preached by Dr. Eden, the Bishop of Dover.  Lord and Lady Dufferin attended the service, and with them were the Countess Grosvenor and Countess Stanhope.  The National Anthem having been sung, a procession was formed, extending quite a mile in length, and it crossed the town from the castle to the opposite heights, on the other side of the valley, in order to reach the Bredenstone on the Drop Redoubt.  The procession was headed by a detachment of the east Kent Mounted Rifles as a guard of honour, they having escorted Lord Dufferin from Walmer Castle in the morning.  Following these came the friendly societies, the Dover Gordon Boys’ Orphanage band and other bands, the Hastings fire brigade, the Dover lifeboat and crew, the coastguards of the district, and the members of the Court of Shepway in carriages.  The sergeant of the Admiralty, bearing the silver oar, emblem of authority in the Court, was a conspicuous figure.  The Lord Warden was preceded and followed by a large number of military and civilian gentlemen, amongst whom were Lord Herschell, captain of Deal Castle, Earl Stanhope (Lord Lieutenant of Kent), Lord Brabourne, and Earl of Sandwich, the Right Hon. Rev. Dr. Eden, Lord Bishop of Dover and chaplain of the Cinque Ports, Lord Dufferin’s two sons, the Earl of Ava and Lord Basil Blackwood, Sir John Lennard (chairman of the Kent County Council), Sir A. Mackenzie, Sir D. Wallace, K.C.I.E., Mr. J. MacFerran , C.I.E., Mr. G. Wyndham, M.P. for Dover, Colonel Brookfield, M.P. for the Rye Division of Sussex, Mr. W. Noble, M.P. for Hastings, Mr. J. Luard, C.B., Major-General Lord William Seymour, Commanding the south-East District, Colonel Kingscote, and Lieutenant-Colonel Grattan.  The Lord Warden wore the numerous orders which he beholds, and was attired in the uniform of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports – a frock coat of blue croth with scarlet facings, and buttons bearing the Cinque Ports arms, and admiral’s sword, and cocked hat.  He was accompanied by an escort of the 1st King’s Dragoon Guards, and a detachment of the 16th Lancers also formed part of the procession.  The entire route, covering about two miles, was lined on either side by troops supplied by the Royal Artillery, the Royal Marines, and Cinque Ports Artillery Volunteers, the Volunteer battalions and cadets of the East Kent Regiment, the Buffs, the Border Regiment, and the Highland Light Infantry.  The Cinque Ports Rifles (Sussex Volunteers) were stationed at the drop Redoubt.  The decorations of the town were at every point profuse, consisting chiefly of flowers and flags effectively arranged.

It was nearly 2 o’clock before the members had all assembled in the Grand Court if Shepway.  A very large tent had been erected in the Drop Redoubt, and here the Court was formed.  Lord Dufferin presided, and was supported on his right by the Speaker, the Mayor of Hastings, and Sir w. Crundall, Mayor of Dover, and on the left by the Mayor of sandwich, the other mayors sitting near.  The officers of the Court present were Mr. Cohen, Q.C., Judge of the Court of Admiralty, Mr. E. W. Knocker, Seneschal, and Mr. J. Stilwell, Surrogate.  Mr. Poland, Recorder of Dover, was also present.  The proceedings of the Court were of course of a formal character, but they excited great interest.  The proclamations were first read by the seneschal, and then the Lord Warden’s precept summoning the meeting.  The presentation of the returns from the various town was then made, and whilst this ceremony was proceeding Lord Brabourne entered a protest against his not having been called, basing his claim upon his having been elected a Baron of Sandwich in 1857.  He explained that, although he vacated his seat in the House of Commons on becoming a member of the House of Peers, he did not know that he had done anything to forfeit his right.  He made his claim in the interest of Sandwich.  The seneschal ruled that it had been the custom of the town from time immemorial to elect their own barons or delegates and that the noble Lord, not having been so elected on the present occasion, was not entitled to a seat.  The Speaker then addressed the Lord warden, formally requesting him to take upon himself the duties of the office, and the Lord warden having assented, the Court saluted him with a reverence, and a salute of 19 guns was fired from the battery near.  Mr. Cohen, Q.C., then offered the congratulations of the Ports and members of the Lord Warden, and, Lord Dufferin having replied, the business of the court terminated with an invitation from the Mayor of Dover to a banquet in the evening at the Town-hall.

Lord and Lady Dufferin and a large party lunched with the officers of the Highland Light Infantry.  Later in the day Lord Dufferin visited the Royal Cinque Ports Yacht Club.  A regatta took place in the afternoon in Dover Bay, and in the evening there was a Venetian fete.

Lord and Lady Dufferin and about 250 guests were entertained by the Mayor of Dover.  In reply to the toast of “The health of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports,” proposed by Lord Brabourne.

Lord Dufferin said that whatever satisfaction he might have felt on his first arrival at Dover had been enhanced a hundredfold by the unique incidents which had emphasized that morning’s celebration.  For, quite apart from those gratifying circumstances which had been personal to him, his heart had swelled with pride and pleasure when he found himself standing face to face with an assemblage more representative than any other he had ever met of that defensive energy and stubborn power of resistance which had enabled the homes of England to sleep in dreamless peace from century to century.  (Cheers.)  From the earliest dawn of our country’s history the men of Kent ever stood on the forefront of Britain’s array when danger threatened.  It was they who originally constituted the first line of England’s military force and who furnished her infant fleets and laid the foundations of her naval glory.  And where should we find a more enduring or a more eloquent witness to this patriotic record than in the time-honoured constitution of the Cinque Ports, with its ancient towns and their members, its corporate boroughs, its mayors, its barons, and its captains, its castles, towers, and fortresses, and all the other old-world privileges and appurtenances which rendered it one of the most picturesque and noteworthy examples of that continuity of effort and stability of temperament which were alike the glory and the safety of Great Britain and her people?  Anybody would be proud to find himself at the head of such an historical confederacy – to have his name enrolled on a list which, beginning with Earl Godwin and King Harold, and descending though such predecessors as William Longsword, Earl of Salisbury, Edward the Black Prince, Edmund Plantagenet, Warwick, the King-maker, and many another equally illustrious noble, terminates in such a blaze of illustrious personages as Pitt, Wellington, Dalhousie, Granville, and last, though not least, the single-hearted Palmerston, duty-loving, typical Englishman, the late lamented leader of the English Parliament.  (Cheers.)  In one respect, at all events, he could claim a superiority to those who had gone before him.  In his capacity as British Ambassador to the French republic he was, as it were, a Martello tower planted at the very nerve centre of the political life of Europe – a Martello tower armed, not with frowning guns and weapons of offence, but with electric wires and soft-speaking tubes, and all the other peaceful appliances which serve to transmit messages of goodwill from one nation to another, and to disperse those little clouds which, though no bigger than a man’s hand when first generated on the banks of the Seine, used only too often to translate themselves into threats of war ere they crossed the Channel.  In thus describing an Ambassador’s function he might be accused of unduly magnifying his office.  It might be said that the most skilful  diplomatic efforts would prove a very feeble barrier against the dire forces of a wave of popular passion or the aggressive greed of a nation, and that, as of old time, out ships and guns should be a country’s and a warden’s chief reliance.  God forbid he should ever counsel otherwise.  A diplomacy unsupported by a reserve of physical power would prove as nerveless and as visionary a resource as would be an army of Stygian heroes, for never had brute force reduplicated by scientific invention reached a more dominant position than it now enjoys.  (Hear, hear.)  But the timely warnings, the conciliatory representations, the ingenious suggestions of a diplomatic agent ought to anticipate, and by anticipating to prevent, the nascent causes of international strife from assuming uncontrollable proportions.  Whatever may have been once the case, good diplomacy did not consist in fraud, deceit, and foul dealing, in the overreaching of one nation by another, in one-sided agreements, of unfair bargains.  On the contrary, a first-rate negotiator would show his skill amid the shock of conflicting interests, not by outwitting his colleagues, but by the discovery of some expedient, of some issue, which should be mutually acceptable to both parties.  Nay, he would go a step further and say that, next to the interests of his own country, an Ambassador had naturally most at heart the interests of the country to which he was accredited.  At least, that was his experience.  Wherever he had been, whether in Russia, Constantinople, or elsewhere, he had found himself instinctively anxious for the welfare and prosperity of the country and people with whom he found himself in contact.  That this should be pre-eminently the case in his present position went without saying.  As they themselves must know better than most, the kindness, the polish, the courtesy of French society, the extraordinary quickness and delicacy of the French intellect, the gaiety of their temperament their wit and vivacity, recalling in so many respects the amiable characteristics of his Irish countrymen, rendered them the most attractive race in Europe.  (Cheers.)  In short, the diplomatic Service was to the body politic of the world what the nervous system was to the body of the individual man, and it was upon that service that we were in a great measure dependant for the maintenance of peace.  (Cheers.)
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on November 03, 2012, 16:25:12
Monday, 20th July 1914

The Warden of the Cinque Ports.

Installation of Lord Beauchamp.

An Ancient Office.

Dover, July 18.
With the circumstance of medieval formality Lord Beauchamp was installed at Dover to-day as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.  Time has robbed this ancient office of many of its duties and also, as Lord Beauchamp explained, with a hint of regret, of its appurtenances; but it is alive with traditions of the earliest days of England’s sea power, when the Cinque Ports laid the foundations of our Navy and this of our Imperial strength.

To-day’s ceremony was tripartite.  Service in the Church of St. Mary-in-the-Castle was followed by the installation at the Bredenstone on the opposite spur of the bay, and afterwards the Court and the company were bidden to the Town Hall “to take such repast as may be there ordained.”  The church stands steeply in the castle precincts on the eastern heights, and ancient building which the barbarians of the eighteenth century used for the storage of coal.  The simple service, composed of one psalm, one hymn, a passage of Holy Scripture, and a certain number of collects and intercessions, was taken by the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of Dover, Chaplain of the Cinque Ports.  In the church and at the subsequent installation were:-

The Mayors of the several Corporations, Barons of the Cinque Ports, Mrs. Davidson, the Dowager Duchess of Westminster, Lord Rosebery, Lord and Lady Ducannon, Lord Elmley, Lord and Lady George Hamilton, Lord and Lady Northbourne, Sir Frederick and Lady Pollock, Sir W.H. and Lady Crundall, Sir Montagu and Lady Bradley, Sir. A. Wollaston, Lady Seymour, the Dean of Canterbury, Brigadier-General Henry Wilson, Mr. Elmer Speed, and the French Consul.

From the church the procession drove down the hill and through the town to the Bredenstone Drop Redoubt on the western heights.  The Royal East Kent Mounted Rifles formed an escort to the Lord Warden, and the three miles of the route were lined by soldiers and by the diminutive scarlet-clad figures of the boys of the Duke of York’s Royal Military School.

The antiquary may perhaps regret that the installation is no longer held at Shepway, which gives its name to the Court – the grand Court of Shepway.  Yet the Bredenstone, where the ceremony was established at the Restoration, is well chosen.  From the cliff one looked down upon the blue waters of the harbour, where there floated motionless the grim, black shapes of a score of destroyers and cruisers.  At the Court, “older than Parliament itself,” as Sir Frederick Pollock described it, the Mayors of the five ports – Hastings, Sandwich, Dover, Romney, and Hythe – assembled in obedience to the Warden’s summons.  The “ancient towns,” Winchelsea and Rye, which were added after the Norman Conquest, and the “members,” Ramsgate, Margate, Tenterden, Deal, Folkestone, Faversham, and Lydd, had also obeyed the summons.  Their Mayors were present and in pursuance of his lordship’s precept they had duly given “good summons and lawful warning unto six or five or four of the best and most discreet of their conbarons to be present.”  When the Court had been formed and the patent of the Lord Warden read aloud, the Speaker of the Ports (Mr. G. M. Freeman, K.C., Mayor of Winchelsea) requested the Lord Warden to take upon himself the duties of the office and to maintain the liberties of the Ports – and the Lord Warden formally acceded to the request.
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on November 04, 2012, 13:21:48
Thursday, 28th June 1934

Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports

Lord Reading to be Installed on Saturday

Dover, June 27
The installation of Lord Reading, Constable of Dover Castle, as Lord Warden and Admiral of the Cinque Ports will take place at a meeting of the Grand Court of Shepway at Dover College Close on Saturday.

The ceremony will be in accordance with all the traditional rites, and in anticipation of large crowds of sightseers Dover is making elaborate preparations for their entertainment.  Apart from gaily decorated streets, a local committee has organized a series of attractions which will start immediately after the ceremony comes to an end.

The ceremony will begin in the morning, when the mayors and representatives of the various municipalities – Cinque Ports, Ancient Towns, and Limbs – will meet in the Castle Keep, where one of the Chief Barons will be appointed to request the Lord Warden “to take upon himself the duties of his office.”  The choice of the assembly usually falls upon the Speaker of the Cinque Ports for the time being.  The procession will then walk to the Church of St. Mary-in-the-Castle, where a special service will be held, at which the sermon will be preached by the Archbishop of Canterbury.  Other clergy will be Canon W. G. Elnor (Chaplain of the Cinque Ports) and the Rev. C. Scott Little (Senior Chaplain to the Forces).
Ten minutes before the service is timed to begin, the entry of the Lord Warden, by way of the Constable’s Gate, will be heralded by a fanfare of bugles, and after inspecting a guard of honour on the Castle Parade Ground, he will proceed to the church.  At the close of the service all the official connected with the Grand Court of Shepway will assemble in the Keep Yard; a procession will be formed and will proceed from the Constable’s Gate to Dover College.

When Lord Reading takes upon himself the duties of his office, a salute of 19 guns will be fired by the Dover Fire Command, R.A., and the Lord Warden’s flag will be broken at the flagstaff in the college grounds.  The closing formalities will include a proclamation by the Seneschal dissolving the Court, and an invitation will be extended to the Lord Warden to take luncheon, or “such repast as is ordained,” at the Town Hall.

The naval guard of honour at the Town Hall will be drawn from H.M.S. Curacao, which is visiting Dover for the occasion of the installation.

Lord Beauchamp, the predecessor of Lord Reading in the office, was installed on July 18, 1914, at the Bredenstone, at Drop redoubt, on the western heights of Dover.  The last time the ceremony was held at Dover College was in 1908, when Lord Brassey was installed.
Title: Re: Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Post by: kyn on August 19, 2013, 20:41:00