Castles, Fortresses & Associated Works => Sheppey => Topic started by: kyn on September 04, 2009, 16:41:47

Title: Queenborough Castle
Post by: kyn on September 04, 2009, 16:41:47
Between the years 1361 and 1377 King Edward III ordered a castle to be built at Bynne, now known as Queenborough, on the site of an earlier fortification.  The castle was to protect the passage of ships on the Swale and Medway Estuaries  (at this time it was safer for ships to travel this way rather than the open waters of the English Channel when on their way too or from the south coast), they would also use this route when on their way to Europe as they stopped near Dover before crossing the channel.

The castle was designed by William of Wycheham who was the Surveyor of the King's Works and also the keeper of the Privy Seal and Lord Chancellor.  The new castle resembled a French Style Chateaux and is believed to have influenced the designs of Walmer and Deal Castles.  William also designed and built Windsor castle.

Queenborough Castle was built of stone to a circular design, quite novel for the time and seemed to anticipate Henry VIII's castles that were built nearly 200 years later.  The circular walls were built to withstand cannon fire although the power of these weapons at this time were relatively modest.

The castle had a circular rotunda at the centre and six towers connected by a circular curtain wall.  The curtain wall was lined by two storey apartments which faced into a circular courtyard with a deep well in its centre.  The rotunda and outer ward, or barbican, was surrounded by a second curtain wall which had two gateways set into it, the main gate at the west and a postern to the east.  Surrounding all of this was a wet moat that was crossed using drawbridges to the two gateways.

As you can imagine it would have been very difficult to storm the castle - to do this you would have had to cross the moat, passing through the outer gate followed by the inner gate.  Once into the outer ward you would have to circle the rotunda while under heavy fire before passing through another gateway into the central courtyard.  You would then be under fire from the apartments surrounding you, these were also compartmentalised making it even more difficult to take over the castle.

The castle was likely to have been equipped with gunpowder, stone throwing machines and trebuchets.

The castle hosted many royal parties especially during the reign of Queen Elizabeth.

Queenborough Castle had many Governors, some very well known names appear on this list:

Monarch

Edward III - John Foxeley, John of Gaunt
Richard II - Robert de Vere, Arnold Savage, William Scroop
Henry IV - Sir Hugh Waterton, Sir John Cornwallis, Thomas Arundel (Archbishop of Canterbury)
Henry V - Gilbert Unfreville
Henry VI - Humphrey Stafford (Duke of Buckingham)
Edward IV - John Northwood, George Duke of Clarence
Richard III - Thomas Wentworth, Christopher Collins
Henry VII - William Cheyne
Henry VIII - Sir Frances Cheyne
Queen Elizabeth - Sir Robert Constable, Sir Edward Hobbie, Philip Earl of Montgomery

The Castle was declared obsolete in 1650 after nearly 300 years of protecting the Swale and Medway Estuaries  - the fortress never realised its function as a garrison and recorded no active military history. The Commissioners of Parliament sold the castle for demolition to Mr John Wilkinson for the sum of £1,792.  As a result of the demolition Queenborough Castle was sorely missed when the Dutch invaded Sheerness in 1667 with the invaders coming to Queenborough for provisions.

In 1725 the well that was once in the centre of the castle was re-opened for the Dockyard workers at Sheerness.  When they inspected the well they found it to be 200 feet deep, surrounded by Portland Stone with the diameter at the top four feet eight inches wide.  They had to bore down more than  another 81 feet to find water, and once they had the well filled up rapidly.  Not long after it was full the Corporation of Queenborough fought to gain ownership of the well, they succeeded and the Navy had to dig a new well in Sheerness for the use of the dockyard workers. It is unknown if the townspeople of Sheerness were given access to this well.

In 2005 Time Team descended on the site of Queenborough Castle, hoping to find any remains of the fortress.  Even though they came armed with plans and illustrations including one from the 1640's they couldn't work out the real layout of the castle, none of the illustrations matched the others.  They did eventually work out what parts of the castle they had found and were able to show how the castle would have looked.  They found the remains of the castle cellars as well as bits of pottery and stone although most of the stone was missing due to being sold off during the demolition.  The team were able to work out that the rotunda was around 40 metres radius which would have been big enough for the 40 rooms and 407 windows it reportedly had.

The site is scheduled by the Department of the Environment and is public open space.

Picture from file MPF 1/7 National Archives, Kew
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Riding With The Angels on September 04, 2009, 18:37:32
The plan shown doesn't match any other pics I have seen or the described layout. The star shaped moat system here is something i have never seen before. Is this supposed to be an outer defense?

Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: kyn on September 04, 2009, 18:46:50
I'm guessing this is another proposed plan.  The description says "Queenborough Castle.  Plan of a fortification with five pointed bastions surrounded by a moat, with two bridges."

No date on the plan unfortunately.

Alot of forts needed better outer defence measures as the armament became more powerful, maybe this was a proposal that forced the enemy to attack from a further distance?
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Riding With The Angels on September 04, 2009, 19:28:13
Ah I gotcha! Nice history of one our most unique and unfortunately gone fortresses.
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Guest on September 04, 2009, 20:46:13
The star shaped moat is interesting - it's reminscent of some of those around towns in North France by Vauban and others.

I was wondering if the circular castle form was because it was built of flint - is there any chalk/flint on Sheppey or is it all clay?
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Riding With The Angels on September 04, 2009, 20:50:08
I don't believe there is any chalk/flint on Sheppey and the stone was probably brought in for the job as I think even the underlying rock of the Sheppey 'hills' is not suitable for building.
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Paul on September 05, 2009, 08:24:35
Nice write up :)

I wonder if thats when they decded to build the one at Swaleness(Dead mans island) which was started and never finished?
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Riding With The Angels on September 05, 2009, 18:05:15
Even less heard of clearly! Whats all that about Paul?
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Paul on September 06, 2009, 14:42:52
Even less heard of clearly! Whats all that about Paul?

A defence works was started at Swaleness aka Dead Mans Island (opposite the old pier at Queenborough) the earth works for the defences were started but never finished.
The island was too unstable due to the tidal flow of the River and slipped into the Medway.
As far as i know?  :)

(http://i297.photobucket.com/albums/mm223/Paulwp/Capture-10.jpg)

The Flat bit to the left of the cranes.

(http://i297.photobucket.com/albums/mm223/Paulwp/DSCF1040.jpg)
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: sheppey_bottles on September 06, 2009, 21:27:23
If anyone is interested in further reading on Queenborough Castle one of our local historian/authors David T. Hughes has produced a book called Queenborough castle Sheppey's lost fortress. 2007, ISBN 978-0-9557240-0-8
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Islesy on November 16, 2009, 10:37:09
As part of a wider investigation carried out by Time Team for Channel 4, here is a 'grey' (unpublished) survey I came across, that might interest those of you in Sheppey

SURVEY RESULTS
2005 / 58 Queenborough Castle,
Isle of Sheppey, Kent


Survey Area

1.1   The castle site was investigated using a combination of resistance survey (Geoscan RM15 resistance meter), Ground Penetrating Radar (Pulse EKKO 1000 GPR unit with a 225MHz frequency antenna) and magnetic survey (Bartington Grad 601-2 fluxgate gradiometer). Figure 1 shows the location of the survey areas at a scale of 1:1000.
1.2   The survey grid was set out by Dr Henry Chapman and tied in to the Ordnance Survey grid using a Trimble real time differential GPS system.

Display

2.1   Figure 1 shows the limits of the resistance and gradiometer survey areas and the location of the GPR survey areas together with the direction of the traverses.
2.2      The resistance and gradiometer results are displayed as greyscale images in Figures 2 and 4, while Figures 3 and 5 are summary interpretation of the survey results at a scale of 1:625. Figure 6 shows a summary of the GPR results and interpretation diagrams at various scales for ease of display. Figure 7 shows a drawing of Queenborough Castle circa 1640 and a plan. Both show the general morphology of the structure although the scale may not be accurate (Project Design 2005).
2.3   The display formats are discussed in the Technical Information section, at the end of the text. Letters and numbers in parentheses in the text of the report refer to magnetic/resistance and
GPR anomalies, respectively, which have been highlighted in the relevant data plots and interpretation diagrams.

General Considerations - Complicating Factors

3.1   Ground conditions were moderate to good for data collection; most of the area had a relatively short grass cover and was free of obstructions. However, the centre of the survey area contained two wells which had been capped and covered by a raised brick/concrete rectangular platform (15m x 12m).
3.2   Generally the quality of the resistance data was good, allowing identification and interpretation of the suspected archaeological features, however, the ground conditions were extremely dry which did hinder probe contact.
3.3   For Health and Safety reasons a metal, 2m high, perimeter fence was erected around the survey area. The fence restricted the use of the gradiometer and calibration of the instrument was also affected.
3.4      The ground conditions were not suited to GPR. The soil and underlying London Clay severely reduced the depth of penetration. While depths have been indicated on the GPR diagrams, these have to be viewed with caution. The conversion from time to depth depends on the velocity of the electromagnetic signal through the ground. Given the nature of the site, this is likely to vary markedly over relatively small distances and, as a result, any depth conversion is only an approximation. An average velocity of 0.08m/ns has been used for the time to depth conversions following velocity analysis using graphical methods involving the fitting of curves to point source reflections.
3.5   Where there is a strong electromagnetic contrast, the GPR signal can be inter-reflected or reverberated, producing a delay in the reflection of the signal. This is termed 'ringing'. This happens, to some extent, with all reflections and results in a greater apparent depth than actually exists. As a result, it is often not possible to detect the base of features; only the tops of buried features/deposits are detected with certainty (Annan 1996).

Results of Survey

Gradiometer Survey


4.1   The data are dominated by the linear highly magnetic anomaly (A) which runs northwest-southeast through the centre of the gradiometer survey area. This is presumed to be a large pipe possible originating from the now obsolete wells that were used to supply naval vessels until the 19th Century.  A second linear anomaly (B) runs parallel to (A) but gives a far weaker response and may be a drain or similar feature. There is a strong magnetic spike at point (C); this anomaly is believed to be unrelated to the castle, as are the anomalies at (D) which coincide with the location of a WWII air-raid shelter. The area of magnetic disturbance at (E) may be due to the disturbance associated with the concrete platform.

Resistance Survey

4.2   The resistance survey proved to be the most successful of the three geophysical techniques used at this site.  
4.3   The linear high resistance anomaly (1) coincides with the weak magnetic response (B) and represents a modern pipeline, while the rectilinear responses (2) provide a clear plan of the air-raid shelter, magnetic anomaly (D).  
4.4   The core of the site, surrounding the concrete platform, comprises a broad block of high resistance readings that presumably relates to the main castle structure. The curving band (3) probably represents the walls of the inner Keep, though whether the inner or outer walls is uncertain. Other responses are thought to be associated with demolition rubble and landscaping, though the picture is far from clear. The readings at (4) are interpreted as the inner entrance into the castle (see Figure 7).  
4.5   Surrounding the core of the site is a broad band of low resistance (5) that is thought to represent the courtyard between the Keep and the outer defences. These defences, which comprise a moat ditch and wall, are visible in the data at (6). The high resistance reflects the collapse rubble from the wall and the relatively dry top of the broad ditch feature. At (7) the readings are particularly high and on excavation it was discovered that large quantities of stone from the castle had been pushed into the moat at this point. It is uncertain if the high readings at (8) relate to the castle or whether they are more recent in origin.

GPR

4.6   The GPR survey did not show any evidence of the suspected castle remains.  Figure 6 shows two radargrams from the site. Radargram AR1 was collected prior to a trench excavation. The excavation confirmed the pipe identified in the radargram and the depth of the feature. A few anomalies identified within the GPR traces related to modern features, pipes, which were later confirmed by excavation.  
4.7   Radar data were also collected over part of the Keep. Radargram, CR1 Figure 6, shows the limited penetration depth and the lack of response of a wall later confirmed by excavation. The clayey soil is presum
ed to be highly conductive which reduces the penetration depth of the radar waves and produces the strong parallel reflections, seen in all the radargrams. The nature of the soil effectively masked the subsurface features.

Conclusions

5.1   Results from the resistance survey proved successful providing a basic footprint of Queenborough Castle. Although no clear plan was obtained this simply reflects the archaeological situation at the site. The castle has been heavily robbed, the ground consolidated and landscaped. It is perhaps surprising that so much has survived intact. It proved very difficult to resolve the matter of the scale / size of the castle due to conflicting interpretations of the historic documents and maps / plans; this did not help with the interpretation of the geophysical data.
5.2   The gradiometer and radar surveys added little to the detailed picture apart from confirming the courses of service pipes.

Project Co-ordinator:   I Wilkins
Project Assistants:   J Gater, C Stephens & E Wood
Date of Survey:      17th August and 19th August 2005
Date of Report:      20th  December 2005

References:

Annan, A.P., 1996    Ground penetrating radar (workshop notes). Sensors & Software Inc., Canada.
Gillam-Smith, N. 2005   Proposed archaeological evaluation at Castle Green, Queenborough, Isle of Sheppey. Project Design, unpublished.   

SITE SUMMARY SHEET #

2005 / 58 Queenborough Castle
Isle of Sheppey, Kent.

NGR: TQ 913 712

Location, topography and geology


The town of Queenborough is located on the west side of the Isle of Sheppey and on the north side of the River Swale, immediately south of its confluence with the River Medway. The oldest part of the town lies on a coastal plateau less than 5m AOD. The site of Queenborough Castle sits at the eastern end of the High Street. The underlying geology is London clay surrounded by alluvial deposits which once formed extensive marshes of low lying. The soils are unclassified.

Archaeology

Queenborough Castle was completed in 1367 and survived for three hundred years before being systematically demolished. There are no visible remains of the castle today; the site is a public area that is grassed over. The eastern area of the site was cut into by a railway line in 1860; Queenborough Elementary School was built on a portion of the western area in 1864 and in the 19th century a well house was constructed in the centre of the site, on top of the original medieval well. This pump house that sat over the well is now marked by a concrete platform.

Aims of Survey

The aims of the survey were to establish the size and morphology of the castle as part of a wider investigation carried out by Time Team for Channel 4. # Background information taken from Gillan-Smith 2005

Summary of Results

Magnetic, resistance and ground penetrating radar (GPR) surveys were carried out in an attempt to locate the foundations and walls of the castle buildings. Of these three techniques the resistance survey provided the most informative results; the footprint of the castle was identified together with evidence for the key elements of the complex. Although a clear plan was not obtained, this result reflected the reality of a site that had been systematically demolished and subsequently landscaped.

List of Figures
Figure 1   Location of Survey Areas                  1:1000
Figure 2   Gradiometer Greyscale                           1:625
Figure 3   Gradiometer Interpretation                  1:625
Figure 4   Resistance Greyscale                     1:625
Figure 5   Resistance Interpretation                  1:625
Figure 6   Selected GPR Radargrams                  nts
Figure 7   Drawing and plan of Queenborough Castle              nts
Figure 8   Archive Gradiometer Data as XY Trace            1:625
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Islesy on November 16, 2009, 11:04:28
Following on from the written survey, here are the plans that accompany the report:

Figures 1 & 2

(http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2650/4108283545_d5eb600a75_b.jpg)

(http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2512/4109050262_756daf2614_b.jpg)
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Islesy on November 16, 2009, 11:06:02
Following on from the written survey, here are the plans that accompany the report:

Figures 3 & 4

(http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2581/4109053436_a80e8575f1_b.jpg)

(http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2575/4108288369_35a7cd211c_b.jpg)
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Islesy on November 16, 2009, 11:10:45
Following on from the written survey, here are the plans that accompany the report:

Figures 5 & 6

(http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2666/4109051096_44ec4e4ca5_b.jpg)

(http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2591/4108286529_71b40c558e_b.jpg)
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Islesy on November 16, 2009, 11:12:35
Following on from the written survey, here are the plans that accompany the report:

Figures 7 & 8

(http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2502/4108287245_7227e11396_b.jpg)

(http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2738/4109049886_ab587984b9_b.jpg)

There you go, that's all!
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: sheppey_bottles on December 07, 2009, 09:59:23
Here is a picture of a row of stones that skirt this edge of the castle site at Queenborough.I thought there must be a picture of them on here somewhere but could not find them, so here goes.

(http://i97.photobucket.com/albums/l218/Sheppey_bottles_John/castle.jpg)

Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Paul on June 18, 2011, 15:19:02
Ive just realised that the Stones in Sheppey-Bottles Pic look the same as the ones in 2nd ave Eastchurch.
Could they have been part of the Castle..?
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: neil clark on August 23, 2011, 16:34:53
Very interesting link for me. My partner and I went out a few days ago looking for the site of this castle. We did so without prior research. I searched an erea very close to Rushenden on raised ground. There was a childrens playground beneath the raised ground. Obviously I was in completely the wrong area. Thanks for everyones contribution here. I have copied those helpful attachments showing maps and plans etc.

I intend to go out in a few days and investigate the right site further.

If anyone wishes to meet up there I'd be happy to hear from you.

I now live on the Island at nearby Minster - the posher part of this lovely island. lol

For those of you with a military interest, it is my intention this coming winter period to transcribe ALL Sheppey civic war memorials and as usual post the research on kentfallen for all to see and use.

All the very best
Neil
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: neil clark on August 23, 2011, 16:45:26
Found this - https://shareweb.kent.gov.uk/Documents/leisure-and-culture/heritage/Castle%20plan.JPG
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Minsterboy on August 23, 2011, 16:47:19
Neil,

I don't know if you know but Channel 4's Time Team did a whole programme on a dig at the castle several years ago. I don't recall them finding all that much of interest though. We look forward to your contributions this winter and if you go back through the various sections and postings over the years on here you will find much to interest you.

Should I change my name to "Posh Minster Boy" now.
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Bobdonk on August 23, 2011, 17:02:10
Link to Time Team at Queenborough

http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/T/timeteam/2006_queen.html

bob
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: CDP on March 20, 2012, 00:02:48
Here are some headings re Queenborough Castle .The items are from the Sheerness newspapers  of years ago a copy of which is in the Sheerness Library ,
Note there existed The Sheerness Times and The Sheerness Guardian and the items below items  may be in either copy!!

Queenborough Castle

            Re oldest drawing of 1484                                                        1875 Jan 30th

            Castle and 24 houses built together                                           1875 June 12th

            Description from old painting 4 ½ ft. by 2 ½ ft (Brit. Museum)   1876 Nov 30th

            Copy of agreement to sell castle                                                1876 Dec 9th

            Chimney pot of the Castle found in the creek                             1877 June 23rd

            Building of Church Castle   V.G.                                               1907 April 27th /May 11th

            Castle from 1828 book built on site of Saxon Castle                  1909 June 26th

            Stone used cell?                                                                        1912 Jan 20th

            Size of Castle –new data                                                           1912 Mar 9th

            Castle                                                                                       1912 May 19th/26?

Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: HERB COLLECTOR on April 18, 2012, 22:10:47
A list of the coats of arms of the gentry of Kent as once displayed at Queenborough Castle.
http://www.kentarchaeology.org.uk/Research/Pub/ArchCant/Vol.058 - 1945/03/14.htm (http://www.kentarchaeology.org.uk/Research/Pub/ArchCant/Vol.058 - 1945/03/14.htm)
But sadly no pictures.
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: HERB COLLECTOR on April 18, 2012, 23:22:05
Queenborough Castle well.
Old spelling.

'A letter from the Kings Officers at Sheerness and Chatham, to the Honourable the Commijfioners of the Navy, giving an Account of what they met with in opening an antient Well near Queenborough in Kent, communicated by Mr. Peter Collison. F.R.S. on January 8, 1729.
Right Honourable,
                 In obedience to your Honours Warrant of the 16th of September last, we met at the Well near Queenborough, where the castle formerly slood on Tuesday the 24th ditto and finding but very little water at the bottom on our sounding, and it having a new curb, lately fix'd on the top, we provided our selves with buckets and ropes, and lower'd down a man, who acquainted us, that it was cleaned, and the ground sunk four feet deeper than the curb at the bottom. We then measur'd the dept of it, and found it 200 foot, and artificially steen'd the whole depth with circular Portland stone, which is all entire, and stands fair, the mean diameter is four foot eight inches; but observing, that not one drop of water came into it, we resolved to try whether we could find any by boring it through, in order thereunto, we applied ourselves to make the neceslary preparations, by getting a piece of timber of about seven foot long, and boring it through with a three inch and a half auger, which truck we fix'd at the bottom of the well, and fasten'd it by quarters to the curb at the bottom, to prevent its railing, and fili'd it all round three foot deep with clay, and on that laid four course of bricks for a platform for the men to hand on in their boring, and got alfo an auger of two inches and half, to bore through the clay, but could not get all the necelsary appurtenances till thursday the 26th of September when three men at a time began to bore, whom we shifted every three hours; the boring which they sent us up, was very close bluisti clay, which continuing the same after three days and a half boring, we began to despair meeting with water; but on Monday the 30th of September in the evening, as they were boring, the auger ilipt down at once, and up came water, to our great satisfadion, and in an hour's time there was upward of four foot water which rose so fast, that at twelve o'clock at noon,
                                                      Feet       Inches
On the first of October we found-            55.        10.
On the 2d, at 5 in the afternoon,-           109.        08.
On the 3d, at 3 in the afternoon,-           132.        06.
On the 4th, at 3 in the afternoon,-          149.        06.
On the 5th, at 4 in the afternoon,-          161.        03.
On the 6th, at 10 in the morning,-          167.        08.
On the 7th, at 4 in the afternoon,-          174.        00.
On the 8th, at 7 in the morning,-            176.        07.
and still increases, though slowly. the reason of its not rising so much now as at first, we apprehended proceeded from the weight of water which the spring through the hole of the truck must force up, and the well being wider aloft than below. What we think very extraordinary is, that we bored 81 feet below the foot of the truck before we met with this body of water, which by computation is 166 feet below the deepest place in the adjacent seas. The water proves excellent good, sofr, sweet and fine we compar'd it with the best spring water brought from Milton, and in every body's opinion that tasted both, they declar'd the well-water the best. We  put some soap to it, and it larther'd finely; we boiled old pease in it, which performed very well, and we have great reason to believe, that the spring will sufficiently supply his Majesty's ships, as proposed.
Signed by
Richard Frost, James Young, Edmond Oxley, Benj. Rofrwell, Richard Stacey, J. Hayward, John Ward, D. Devert, William Jones,
King's Officers at Sheerness and Chatham.'


From the proceedings of the Royal Society of London.
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Sylvaticus on April 20, 2012, 01:24:39
That was an interesting find about the well, Herb Collector. I liked the "near Queenborough", I suppose the church, or perhaps Mill House, was the limit.
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: CDP on July 08, 2012, 12:12:26
Queenborough Castle Constables
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: CDP on July 08, 2012, 12:24:07
I appear to be having trouble uploading my " Queenborough Castle Constables  from the first to the last " can you delete my efforts and put me on te right track please .Photobucket only uploads photos ? .I have uploaded tables in the past ??
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: kyn on July 08, 2012, 12:57:37
Your document did upload.  They do not show in preview but just below your post you can see it is there and can download it to read :)
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: grandarog on July 08, 2012, 14:30:12
Here it is CDP .Save folks having to download. :)

The following is a correct list of the Constables of Queenborough  Castle,with the years in each reign that they held this post; they were principally men of rank and station.

ANNO.   REIGN.   NAME.
      
36TH   Edward 111   John Foxley, the first in command
50TH          “   John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster
8TH   Richard  11   Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford
16th          “    Sir Arnold Savage
20th          “   William le Scroope
1st   Henry 11   William de Watterton
4th          “   John Cornwall ,Baron of Franhope
10th          “   Thomas Arundel , Archbishop of Canterbury
1st   Henry V   Gilbert de Umfreville
28th   Henry V1    Humphry Stafford ,Duke of Buckingham
1st   Edward 11   John Norwood , esq
          “   George , Duke of Clarence
1st   Richard 111   Thomas Wentworth
2nd          “   Christopher Coligns
1st   Henry V11   William  Cheyney
          “   Sir Anthony Browne
2nd   Henry V111   Francis Cheyney
3rd           “   Sir Thomas Cheyney K.G.
1st   Elizabeth    Sir Richard Constable
            “        Sir Edward Hoby
1st   James   Philip , Earl of Pembroke and Montgemery
The last Constable

From “Rambles in the Island of Sheppy “  by Henry T. A.  Turmine
dated 1843
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: CDP on July 09, 2012, 12:11:30
Thanks Kyn and grandarog, I WAS wondering what would happen if I moved my list to another part of my hard drive .
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: lesanne on July 25, 2012, 20:21:59
Thank you so much for posting this list of 'keepers' of that Castle.

I have been working on the same for ages as nearly all of these people have a connection, in some way or other, with The Norreys family..

Sir John Norreys (In charge of land army for Spanish Armada) was in North Kent. (Wasn't a bridge to Essex built) ?
Next step is to see if Samuel Haward is the one who marries Sarah Rose (mother of Francis Norreys c1609)

Who/where did William Haward (father of Samuel ..obit 1633 Faversham) belong, before Harty (Isle of Sheppey). ..They just seem to appear there.. :)

http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53805&strquery=Grench++Haward

Kind regards, Lesanne
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: Sentinel S4 on July 25, 2012, 21:30:17
Sir John Norreys (In charge of land army for Spanish Armada) was in North Kent. (Wasn't a bridge to Essex built) ?

Where would such an endevor have been? I am interested. Another thread possible? Tell us more please Lesanne.

S4.
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: lesanne on July 26, 2012, 15:15:50
 :) Well, most of my research, of late, is from the National Archives summaries. If something looks like it needs looking at, I either order it up, or go to Kew.
There are yards and yards of references to Sir John... Norreys/Norrys/Norris... take ya pick.

1588 is Armada. +/- a few years, I have found ref to a crossing that would allow the other 'land forces' to reinforce from Essex if needed. They were commanded by.. oh I need to look that up for you.. but John and him didn't get on much!!

John was the 2nd son (bc1547 Rycote Ox) of Henry Baron Rycote, 1st Lord Norreys (bc1525 Yattendon).
Sir John dies/was killed/murdered... 3 July 1597 Mallow Munster Ireland.

John's brother William c1545-1579 married Elizabeth Morrison in 1578 Cassiobury Herts. Her sister is Jane Sybilla Morrison born in Augsburg.. this took me over to Holland and more connections, as well as the initial landing of Dutch ships in English waters... funny it should be the area where the family are "working"..
Jane Sybilla  married Edward Lord Russell.. he is buried (b4 1572) at Chenies near Chesham... that's the Cheyney family. and so the story continues..
In between those people are the documents 'to and fro' of various troop movements ~ family betrothals or chatter from one sibling to another.

After a time, I got the drift  of the family and friends, at work, rest and play!! :)
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: lesanne on July 26, 2012, 21:35:56
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=057-anc_5-1&cid=1-4#1-4

This is a page with some summaries.
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: HERB COLLECTOR on November 20, 2013, 22:49:47
Link to Time Team at Queenborough

http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/T/timeteam/2006_queen.html

bob

Time Team S13-E08. Castle in the Round. Queenborough. Kent.
Not available on 4OD, but youtube rides to the rescue :)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5KUzP5w-crg (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5KUzP5w-crg)
Title: Re: Queenborough Castle
Post by: HERB COLLECTOR on January 12, 2015, 21:44:35
Wessex Archaeology.

Queenborough Castle, Isle of Sheppey, Kent
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results. January 2006.

37 page report, 1.4 MB.
Available online @ http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/files/59470_Queenborough%20Sheppey.pdf (http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/files/59470_Queenborough%20Sheppey.pdf)