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Offline Bobdonk

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Re: Lullingstone Castle
« Reply #7 on: March 26, 2013, 20:49:00 »
I found an interesting reference to Lullingstone Castle in the East Kent Gazette on Mar 18 1911 page 1

ANGLO-SAXON KENT,
LECTURE AT THE MAIDSTONE MUSEUM.
A lecture of particular interest to archaeologists was given in the Bentlif Gallery of the Maidstone Museum on Wednesday evening by Mr. Reginald A. Smith, B.A., F.S.A., his subject being the Anglo-Saxon period in Kent. There was an excellent attendance, over which Sir Martin Conway presided.
Mr Smith, who is an assistant in the department of British and Mediaeval Antiquities at the Britsh Museum, dealt with his subject in a masterly manner, his remarks being illustrated by a number of excellent lantern views.
......................................................
The speaker then proceeded to describe the jewellery and other remains found in Kent and other counties, especially referring to the curiously, though beautifully made bowl found in Lullingstone Parkland now preserved at Lullingstone Castle. He expressed the opinion that this was derived from the old Celtic art and that its date would be somewhere about the eighth century. It might, or might not, he said, be a sign of the revival of the Celtic art, after the Anglo-Saxon invasion had subsided.

Offline cliveh

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Re: Lullingstone Castle
« Reply #6 on: June 18, 2012, 12:38:27 »
Well that's put me in my place then!  :)

cliveh

Offline Andrew401968

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Re: Lullingstone Castle
« Reply #5 on: June 18, 2012, 12:09:52 »
Hi Kyn, thanks for your comment, and I noted that on the official website that it states the house was built in 1497 "or dates from", but nevertheless, the house is very clearly not in the style of that period. You can clearly see it when you compare architecture of the gatehouse with the present house. Checking up on it, most of the house appears to have been rebuilt in the early 18th century and again the early 19th century, which accounts for the Georgian appearance. Very little, if anything of the 15th Century moated manor house survives, which I think stretches the definition of “remodeling” quite a bit..  So really, the question is, is it correct to say that the present house was built in or dates from 1497, which how it comes over on their website. Surely it is more accurate to say the original moated manour house was built in 1497, but almost entirely “remodeled” or rebuilt in the 18th and 19th centuires, in fact it more accurate to say the house dated from the 18th century. This would reflect and explain the sites history and appearance of the house.
This is so symptomatic of the public presentation and interpretation of heritage and history, poorly researched and relying peoples ignorance to cover up for the lack of research. And really, there is no excuse; it took me 20 minutes to establish that the original 1497 manor house was practically replaced with a later 18th century one. And really, just a casual glance was enough to tell peole that the gatehouse and the house were two entirely different periods and styles and that there was more to the history of the house. But perhaps this because we live in the age of “Sound Bite” history, where everything it packaged into little simple neat packets on information and nobody ask “is this correct, or why doesn’t that piece fit with what I being told”. People just want to be spoonfed history.

Sources:
“Although Lullingstone Castle remains both beautiful and well-preserved, much of what is seen today dates from the extensive alterations and refurbishment carried out during the reign of Queen Anne, who was a frequent visitor to Lullingstone. Seven main rooms of this palatial residence are open for public viewing and every one contains important family portraits, some dating back to the mid-1500s. The impressive Great Hall houses many of the oldest pictures, as well as family crests and coats of arms, some displayed on a wonderfully carved oak panel. The panelled Dining Room shows yet more of the Hart family portraits during the 17th century, as well as a Royal Portrait of Queen Anne's father when he was the Duke of York.”
Source: http://www.theheritagetrail.co.uk/manor%20houses/lullingstone%20castle.htm
And according to this source, “nothing remains of the Tudor house”.
http://www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/English%20sites/4201.html
Although the monument record on Pastscape states that some sections of wall from the Tudor Manor house do survive.
From Pastscape:
“[TQ 5301 6437] Lullingstone Castle on site of [NAT] Lullingtstone Hall [NR] (1)

Lullingstone House, as it was originally called, was first built
between 1543 and 1580. Portions survive on the N and E fronts, as well as in the Gatehouse (TQ 56 SW 58), but it was altered and re-cast in the C18th by Percyvall Hart (d 1738) and Sir John Dixon Dyke (d 1810).First called Lullingstone Castle in mid C18th. House of 3 storeys, of red brick with tiled roof. Centre portion of principal, W front, is Late C17th or early C18th. In front of this is a ground floor addition of the C19th with early C18th 3 storey projecting blocks to either side, L-shaped in plan. To the return S front of the S block, a2 storey bay was added in the C19th. The S front E of this dates from C18th, 2 storeys, red brick and flints early C19th addition in SE corner. (2)

Lullingstone Castle, a private residence, as described above and in good condition. See GPs AO/64/126/4-6. (3)

Lullingstone Castle, Lullingstone Lane, Lullingstone. Grade II*. Lullingstone House, as it was originally called, was first built by
Sir Percyvall Hart (1496-1580) between 1543 and 1580. Portions of the house survive on the N and E fronts as well as in the Gatehouse. It was altered and later called Lullingstone Castle in the mid C18. (For full description see list).

Moll Cob, Lullingstone Lane, Lullingstone. Grade II. Possibly originally a Dower House to Lullingstone Castle. C18. (For full description see list).

Ruins of Bath House at Lullingstone Castle, Lullingstone Lane. Grade II. C18. Rectangular brick bath about 12 feet long by 8 feet wide surrounded by brick and flint oval-shaped wall now ruined but rising to a height of about 8 feet. This is situated on the banks of the River Darenth which provided the water. (4)

Lullingstone Castle listed as a moated site, class 3. (5)

Additional bibliography. (6)

Additional bibliographic source (8)

________________________________________
SOURCE TEXT
________________________________________
(7) edited by F A Aberg 1978 Medieval moated sites
CBA research reportsVol.1 (1955)- no.17
( 1) Annotated Record Map
OS 6" 1936-46
( 2) List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
MHLG Schedule Dartford HLG 3541 1952
( 3) Field Investigators Comments
F1 ASP 02-OCT-64
( 4) List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
DOE (HHR) Dist of Sevenoaks Kent Oct 1982 24-26
( 5) edited by F A Aberg 1978 Medieval moated sites
CBA research reportsVol.1 (1955)- no.17 Page(s)30
( 6) Cantium : a magazine of Kent local history 5 (2) 1973
(8) The buildings of England
West Kent and the Weald Page(s)387-388

Offline kyn

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Re: Lullingstone Castle
« Reply #4 on: June 18, 2012, 07:08:27 »
From their own website:

Quote
Manor House and Gatehouse

The present Manor House and Gatehouse, which overlook a stunning 15-acre lake, were built in 1497 and have been home to the same family ever since.

Offline Andrew401968

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Re: Lullingstone Castle
« Reply #3 on: June 17, 2012, 22:55:50 »
Hi, I don't want to be too picky, but you say the "The present House and Gatehouse date from 1497" but surely the house in the photos is much later than 1497? At a guess, in its present appearance, it has to be 18th century perhaps early 19th Century, Georgian in stlye. Perhaps it just the front.

Offline kyn

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Re: Lullingstone Castle
« Reply #2 on: June 03, 2012, 21:50:39 »
Friday 26th June, 1936

Silkworm’s Half-Mile Thread

Queen Mary’s Visit to Kent Farm

Appeal for Mulberry Leaves

Eynsford, Kent, June 25.

Queen Mary this afternoon viewed a silkworm farm which Lady Hart Dyke is operating in Lullingstone Park, near Eynsford, in Kent.  The farm, started as an experiment four years ago, is expected to produce some 1,500lb. of fine pure silk from cocoons this year.

The inspection was of a private character, but the people of Eynsford and other villages who had heard that the Queen was to visit the district gathered on the sides of the roads and also in the grounds of the beautiful park to offer a quiet welcome to her Majesty.  At Lullingstone House the Queen was received by Sir Oliver and Lady Hart Dyke.  The culture of the silkworm is carried on in one wing of a mansion largely restored in the Queen Anne Period, but with Tudor and some fourteenth century features.  The park is familiarly known as Lullingstone Castle, and there is a turreted gateway of the sixteenth century detached from the present house.

5,000 Times Heavier

Queen Mary, who was deeply interested, was shown all the processes which are carried through the farm.  The eggs from which the silkworms are bred are imported during the winter from Turkey, France, China, Japan, and India, and are kept in cold storage until the mulberry trees are in leaf.  Mulberry leaves are essential to feed the worms in their larval stage.  At Lullingstone the eggs are hatched in incubators which can provide controlled temperatures.  The Queen saw an incubator room in which were about 500,000 eggs obtained from France, Turkey, and China.  Some of the worms were already visible as pinhead specks.  There is an interval of about 36 days between the hatching out of the eggs and the state of development when the caterpillars are ready to spin.  In that period the worms rapidly increase in size and consume daily their own weight in leaves.  For the early stages the leaves must be cut into fine shreds, but within four days the whole young leaves can be consumed by the worms which at full growth are at least 5,000 times their hatched weight.

Queen Mary was next shown the straw covers which are placed over the trays when the worms have matured and in which the cocoons are spun.  The cocoons are afterwards picked off the straw, and as the breeding at Lullingstone is exclusively for the purpose of silk production, the chrysalis in the cocoon is artificially suffocated to prevent the moth cutting a way of escape through the silk.  Lady Hart Dyke carries her process through to the reeling of the silk.  Each cocoon yields a silk strand half a mile in length.  The texture is infinitely fine and the reeling is a precise and delicate operation.  Spinning and weaving are entrusted to commercial experts, but fabrics which were put before the Queen were proof of the quality of the silk which is produced on the farm.

More Leaves Needed

Her Majesty proceeded by car to the gardens adjoining the house where mulberry bushes and trees have been planted to provide the necessary food for the silkworms.

These, however, are still young, and an infant industry of Kent is a present mainly dependant on mulberry leaves supplied by owners of trees who are interested in the scheme.  Lady Hart Dyke needs more of these leaves, and would welcome notification from those who can send them so that arrangements can be made for an even distribution of arrivals.

After taking tea, Queen Mary entered the interesting parish church of St. Botolph, which is close to the front of Lullingstone House.  The church had a fourteenth century chancel and nave and some fine old stained glass.  Before leaving for Buckingham Palace her Majesty expressed the pleasure she had derived from her afternoon, and offered her good wishes for the further development of the rearing of the silkworms and the production of silk in this pleasant corner of rural Kent.  Contingents of the Dartford Rural District Council Fire Brigade were formed up on the lawn of the house as Queen Mary drove away.

Offline cliveh

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Lullingstone Castle
« Reply #1 on: August 01, 2011, 21:41:10 »
Lullingstone Castle is situated in the west of the County between Shoreham & Eynesford. The history of the Estate can be traced back to the Domesday survey of 1086 and is one of the oldest family estates in the country.
Ownership of the Estate has fallen to just five families in 900 years: Ros 1086-1279, Rokesley 1279-1361, Peche 1364-1522, Hart 1522-1738 and Hart Dyke 1738-. The current owner is Guy Hart Dyke who is the nineteenth generation of his family to live at Lullingstone.
 The Estate includes the small church of St. Botolph which is of Norman origin but the flint walls date from the early 14th century and were part of the restoration work carried out Sir John Rockelse.
The present House and Gatehouse date from 1497 and were built by Sir John Peche. The Gatehouse is one of the earliest brick-built gatehouses in England. The Manor House was originally moated but the moat was filled in around 1758. Sir John was Henry VII’s Champion Jouster. He also accompanied Henry VIII to the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520. The King was a frequent visitor to Lullingstone.
Another royal visitor was Queen Ann whom Percyvall Hart entertained at Lullingstone prior to her Coronation and during her reign.
On the lawns in front of the House, the earliest rules of lawn tennis were drawn up in 1873.
From 1932 to 1956 Lullingstone was famous for it’s silk farm which produced silk for our current Queen’s Wedding dress train and her Coronation robes.
It’s probably most famous now for it’s “World Garden” – a map of the world laid out in plants from each continent. This was created by Guy’s son and heir Tom and was the subject of two TV series in recent years.










cliveh

 

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