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Author Topic: Dover Barracks - 1858  (Read 2023 times)

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Offline kyn

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Dover Barracks - 1858
« Reply #1 on: February 29, 2012, 17:37:53 »
Report of 1858

Western Heights.

The Barracks and casemates on the western heights at Dover are all situated in open, airy, and lofty positions, removed from the civil population of Dover, and having the sea breeze freely sweeping round and over them.  The subsoil is chalk and self-draining, and even in the casemates hollowed out of the rock, there was not that amount of dampness when we inspected them which their position would have led us to anticipate.
The access to the Barracks from the eastern side of the town is by means of a shaft, at the foot of which is situated a guard-house.
This guard room has no ventilation, and is too small for discipline, as it is required to hold the prisoners taken by the picket in the town, and also the picket itself, which is a strong one.  It is stated that a sufficient addition to it would cost 600l.
The privy belonging to this guard-house is very defective and offensive; it requires to be reconstructed with divisions and doors; it is occasionally flushed, but water does not stand in it.  As there is a sufficient supply of water, it should be converted into a proper water latrine, and flushed out either once or twice a-day as might be required.  The space occupied by the privy is very narrow, and in order to keep the back clean an arrangement similar to that in the privy of the Hospital of the Castle Barracks should be adopted, viz., a perforated pipe running along the back of the seats with water turned on in the manner done with the water supply of urinals.
The drainage from the latrines of the Western Heights Barracks, is brought down into the town sewers by a vertical pipe close to the shaft and stair, and when the privies are flushed, the mass of water falling suddenly down this pipe from so considerable an elevation causes the sewer gas to force the traps, and escape into the houses in the town, and into the shaft of communication between the town and the western heights.  The regular flushing of the barrack privies above, is hence impracticable, on account of the nuisance occasioned by it.
To obviate this it would be necessary to form a large tank at the bottom of the shaft capable of holding the greatest quantity of sewage that would be sent down at a flushing, with a trapped pipe leading into the town sewer; from the top of the tank an open pipe of sufficient dimensions would have to be led half way up the cliff outside, to allow the displaced gas to escape.  The flushing of the barrack privies would fill the tank, and the foul air in it would escape up the air pipe provided for the purpose.  The tank would then empty its contents slowly into the town sewers, and the nuisance would be avoided.
Troops are accommodated in the Western Heights in the following Barracks:-

1.   Western Heights Barracks.
2.   Drop Redoubt casemates.
3.   Citadel, comprehending:-

Long Casemates
Short Casemates
South lines
West face casemates

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