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Author Topic: The North Barracks, Walmer  (Read 2494 times)

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Offline kyn

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The North Barracks, Walmer
« Reply #1 on: March 10, 2012, 21:13:13 »
Report of 1858

The North Barracks.

These Barracks were erected in 1797, and consist of three blocks, connected by a broad arched corridor, which joins them together on the ground floor, two block are used as soldiers’ quarters, and the third is the hospital.
The buildings are of brick and stand in an area (including the hospital burial ground) of 9A. 3R. 30P.  The ground has the same general characteristics as it has in the other Barracks.
The structure of this Barrack is very superior, as far as regards health, to almost any other we have seen.  The rooms are lofty.  They have seven windows in each.  They are light and airy, and well adapted for their purpose.
Each block is three stories high, and is traversed by a central passage and staircase, from which access is given on each floor to a room on either side of the landing, occupying the whole length of the building, and having windows both on the side and at the two ends.
At the end of each passage, in the barrack part, is a small room occupied by a Non-commissioned Officer.  One of these rooms has been appropriated as a library.  Rooms for the Non-commissioned Officers have also been partitioned off on the landings.
These rooms require to be ventilated by means of shafts and inlets for air.
The following table shows the amount of accommodation in soldiers’ rooms in the two barrack blocks:-

Rooms.Regulation Number of Men.Accommodation at 600 cubic feet per Man.Deficiency in accommodation in Men.

The barrack rooms in one block only, were occupied when the return was made to us.
It will be seen that the regulation accommodation exceeds the available space at 600 cubic feet per man, by 102 men, a number for which additional barrack accommodation will have to be provided.
The cook-houses are situated between the blocks.  One cook-house is appropriated to the Barracks.  They open out of the corridor on the ground floor.
The cook-house appropriated to the Barracks is provided with boilers and an oven, but as the oven is not ventilated it is not adapted for roasting meat.
There are no proper workshops in any of the Barracks at Walmer.  The rooms which might be appropriated to shops being appropriated for stores, of which the depot battalions each require one.
The ablution rooms in the North Barracks, have no gratings for the men to stand on, and there are no baths.  There latter should be provided in the proportion of one to every 100 men the Barracks can accommodate.  The present ablution room requires ventilation by a shaft from the ceiling, and by perforated panes in the windows.
The privies require reconstruction and conversion into water latrines, but to do this the whole Barrack must be sewered as already mentioned.
The urinals are not supplied with water and are very offensive.
The women’s wash-house is in a decayed wooden building; it has no drying stove, and is only ventilated into a barrack store.  The condition of this wooden building renders it questionable how far any improvements in it is possible.
The guard room is close, and required ventilation by means of a shaft from the ceiling, and inlets for air.
These barracks are not lighted by means of gas.
The following are the sanitary improvements we would recommend for the North Barracks:-

1.   The sewerage of the entire building to low-water mark.  The abolition of all cesspits, and the drainage of all water-closets, privies, sinks, &c., into the sewers.
2.   Reconstruction of the privies into water latrines, with divisions and half doors, and with means of flushing, and reconstruction of urinals with water supply.
3.   Ventilating each barrack room by the largest size Arnott’s silk flap ventilator into the chimney, and by a perforated glass pane at the top of each window.
4.   Library and Non-commissioned Officers’ rooms to be ventilated.
5.   Ablution room to be improved, and bath room, with baths in the proportion of one bath for 100 men, to be provided as stated above.
6.   Oven in the cook-house to be improved by ventilation, to admit of meat being roasted in ti.
7.   Wash-house to be repaired, and suitably provided with utensils and a drying stove, or a new one to be built.
8.   Guard house to be ventilated, as described.


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