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Author Topic: Sir Nathaniel Barnaby.  (Read 1514 times)

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Offline CDP

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Sir Nathaniel Barnaby.
« Reply #1 on: July 14, 2012, 17:13:43 »

Sir Nathaniel Barnaby was the Chief  Constructor of the  Royal Navy between 1872 and 1885.
Nathaniel Barnaby was born February zs" 1829and began his career as an apprentice in Sheerness Dockyard at the age of 14 . He won a scholarship to Portsmouth Naval School in 1848 at the age of 19 and on qualifying in 1852 became a draughtsman at Woolwich Dockyard .He was invited to join the Department of Naval Construction in 1854 to take part in the design of the first British ironclad warship, HMS Warrior .E.J.Reed became Chief Constructor in 1863 .He was married to Barnaby's sister, and he made Barnaby head of his staff .In this post he worked on the majority of British warships designed up to the time ofRMS Monarch. When Reed retired in 1872 Barnaby was elevated to the post of "President of the Council of Construction and Chief Naval Architect "always referred to as " Chief Constructor ", the title was changed in 1875 to" Director of Naval Construction "(DNC)
Nathaniel Barnaby earned his C.B. in 1876 and the K.C.B. in 1885, the year in which he retired for reasons of ill health .He lived to see the start of the Dreadnought era, dying in 1915.
During his 13 years in office .he was faced with possibly more and various changes in ship design than any Director of Naval Constructor before or since. He saw main armament change from 12-inch muzzle loading rifled to 16.25-inch breech loaders, the introduction of secondary armament, armament housed in central citadels, armaments in barbettes and turrets and ti}g development of torpedoes. He also saw the end of rigging in battleships.
RMS Gannet (1878) was a Royal Navy Osprey class screw sloop launched on August 31 st 1878. The ship was classified as both a sloop of war and as a colonial cruiser. It was designed by Sir Nathaniel Barnaby and Henry Timothy Penney was the Foreman in charge of the building and it was built in Sheerness Dockyard, the ship displaced 1130 tons and was capable of attaining 12 knots under full steam or 15 knots under sail. She was armed with two 7" muzzle loading rifled guns on pivoting mounts ,and four 64 pound guns (two on pivoting mounts and two broadside) and had a crew complement of 140 men. After a term of British trade protection, anti salvery duty and long term surveying the ship returned to Sheerness and underwent a two year refit.
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