News:
Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.

Author Topic: DORA. Defence of the Realm Act 1914  (Read 2749 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline DaveTheTrain

  • Full Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 315
  • Appreciation 18
Re: DORA. Defence of the Realm Act 1914
« Reply #3 on: September 01, 2015, 20:07:24 »
Very interesting Herb Collector.  When I first heard of the no treating act I automatically assumed this was a contract law term that I had studied.  In fact the no treating laws were a very interesting piece of law intended to save men from squandering their wages.  I had not seen a case until your post.  Thanks.

Offline HERB COLLECTOR

  • Established Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1400
  • Appreciation 218
Re: DORA. Defence of the Realm Act 1914
« Reply #2 on: August 31, 2015, 23:10:00 »
Another part of DORA.

Liquor Laws 1914-21.

The first legislation to control the sale of intoxicating liquors was in August 1914 when naval and military authorities were given the power to restrict the opening hours of licensed premises in naval and military areas. In an emergency licensed premises in such areas could be ordered  to close.
The Intoxicating Liquor (Temporary Restriction) Act passed in August 1914 enabled licensing justices throughout Britain to limit the opening and closing hours of pubs.

The Central Control Board (Liquor Traffic) came into being in May 1915, its purpose to control the supply of liquor to those employed in supplying and transporting war materials. The restrictions applied to London, most of  Britain`s sea ports, and the large industrial centres.
Pubs were restricted to opening between 12 to 2.30pm and 6 to 9.30pm on weekdays, 4 to 9pm on Saturdays and for five hours on Sundays.
Sale of liquors for consumption off premises ceased at 8pm. 'Off' sale of spirits was limited to 12 to 2.30pm on weekdays only, except for medical emergencies.
Dilution of whisky, brandy and rum was made compulsory.
Treating, buying drinks for others, was banned unless as part of a meal.
The sale of liquor on credit was banned, as was canvassing for liquor orders, other than on licensed premises.
Private clubs were also included in the act.
There were also large increases in liquor taxation.
The maximum penalty for defying a government order was six months imprisonment.

Alcoholic consumption in Britain fell from 89 million gallons in 1914 to 37 million gallons in 1918.

The following newspaper account is from eavyumbles excellent blog on Folkestone pubs @ http://evenmoretales.blogspot.co.uk

Folkestone Express 9-12-1916

Friday, 1st December: Before Mr. J. Stainer and other Magistrates.

Edwin Bishopp and his daughter Alice Bishopp, of the Pavilion Shades public house, were summoned for supplying to persons drink which had not been paid for by themselves, and Private William Third and Evelyn Rogers were summoned for consuming drink which had been paid for by another person. Mr. H.J. Myers appeared for the Bishopps, pleading Not Guilty in respect of Mr. Bishopp and Guilty as to Miss Bishopp.

The Chief Constable said the drinks in this case were purchased by a man who gave the name of Sergt. Anderson, but this was a false name, and the man could not be traced.

P.C. Pittock said he visited the Pavilion Shades public house on November 25th with P.C. Whittaker, both being in plain clothes. Witness called for a glass of ale and a small lemon. There were a number of soldiers in the bar, and after about five minutes a man who afterwards gave the name of Sergt. Anderson came up to the counter and, looking towards where the defendant Third was standing, said "Guinness?" and Third replied "Yes". Anderson then spoke to Miss Bishopp, who poured a bottle of stout into a glass and handed it to Third. Anderson then said "See what the young lady over there wants", indicating the defendant Rogers, who was in a private bar. After some conversation she was served with a glass of ale. Anderson then said "Give me a whisky", and placed a half crown on the counter. Miss Bishopp served him, and as change she gave him a shilling, two pennies and two other coins. Mr. Bishopp was in a position quite well to hear and see what was going on. Witness told Anderson they would report him under the "No Treating" Order, and Anderson replied "I did not know I was doing anything wrong"  The defendant Rogers, when told she would be reported, said "All right; I hope you get tripped up next time". When Mr. Bishopp was informed that he would be reported for allowing treating to take place on his premises he said "All right; thank you very much",

Cross-examined: He saw the Liquor Control notice pasted up in the bar, but saw no special reference to treating.

P.C. Whittaker corroborated.

Mr. Bishopp, called for the defence, said he had held the licence for the Pavilion Shades for four years, and during that time there had been no complaint. On the night in question there were a lot of people in the bars, it being a busy night. His only assistance in the bar was his daughter, whom he had instructed not to permit treating. There were "No Treating" notices up in the bar. He did not hear his daughter take an order from Sergt. Anderson, and knew nothing about the matter until he was spoken to by P.C. Pittock. Had he heard the order given he would have stopped it.

Questioned by the Clerk, defendant said he served the police officers, but did not know they were policemen.

Miss Bishopp, also giving evidence, said she had been instructed not to permit treating in the house. She heard Miss Rogers call for a drink, and when she was served she said a soldier was paying for it, and witness unfortunately took the money.

Mr. Myers, in addressing the Bench, said although Mr. Bishopp might be legally responsible he was not morally responsible, and he (Mr. Myers) ventured to think that the defence had shown extenuating circumstances. The Bench would appreciate how difficult it was to prevent treating. Englishmen, when they met a friend, would say "What are you going to have, old man?", and all the legislation in England would not alter it.

Miss Rogers said she had 11/2d. in her hand to pay for her glass of ale, but Miss Bishopp said the drink was paid for. She did not touch the ale, which was not "Consumed".

Private Third declared that he didn't have a drink with the soldier.

The Chairman pointed out that this was emergency legislation, and was intended for the good of the community. Mr. Bishopp would be fined 5, Miss Bishopp 2, and the other two defendants 10s. each.

Offline HERB COLLECTOR

  • Established Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1400
  • Appreciation 218
DORA. Defence of the Realm Act 1914
« Reply #1 on: March 03, 2015, 22:42:35 »
DORA. Defence of the Realm Act 1914.

The first Defence of the Realm Act was passed by Parliament on the 8 August 1914, four days after Britain entered the war. Its purpose was to prevent useful information from reaching the enemy and to provide security for Britain's transport network.
The act was amended six times and effectively signed away the freedom of the British population and put Britain under virtual martial law. Basic civil rights were suspended for the duration of the war under sweeping regulatory powers.
The original DORA acts were combined in the Defence of the Realm Consolidation Act of 27 November 1914, which remained the basic legislation for the duration of the war and provided authority for hundreds of regulations. DORA gave the authority's almost unlimited powers. The police could stop and question suspects who could be imprisoned if they refused to answer questions. Anyone breaking regulations could be Court-Martialed. The military authorities could commandeer any industrial facility engaged directly or indirectly in war production. As the war continued DORA was added to and refined and soon encroached on almost every activity of the British citizen.

DORA imposed censorship on newspapers, which were liable to be prosecuted if they gave out false or restricted information.
Foreigners had to register with the police and required a warrant to go out between the hours of 9pm to 5am. They were banned from certain areas and hotels and guesthouses had to register any foreign guests with the police.

Some bank holidays were cancelled and bonfires and fireworks, even on Guy Fawkes night, were banned. Civilians could not fly kites or buy binoculars without official authorization. Food hoarding was banned and giving meat to a dog could result in a 20 fine. From August 1916 Londoners were no longer allowed to whistle for a cab!?!
To combat heavy drinking there was a DORA amendment from the spring of 1915 that took over licensing for certain sensitive areas of the country. The military authorities could specify the opening hours of public houses around docks and harbours. Pub opening hours were restricted. Under the No Treating Order it was not even possible to buy someone a drink unless it was as part of a meal. Beer was watered down. (Sob)

DORA was mostly repealed after the end of the Great War. However one rule remained until 1988, the requirement for an afternoon gap in pub opening hours.

For those members who are looking for a little light reading to sent them off to sleep at night, the full Defense of the Realm Manual (6th edition, revised to August 31st, 1918) is available online @ http://archive.org/stream/realmdefense00grearich#page/n3/mode/2up. All 663 pages of it.
Want to find out about lighting restrictions on your vehicle while driving in Folkestone? See pages 439-441 :)

 

BloQcs design by Bloc
SMF 2.0.11 | SMF © 2015, Simple Machines