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Author Topic: Gloster Meteor Vs V1 Flying Bomb  (Read 2405 times)

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Offline HERB COLLECTOR

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Gloster Meteor Vs V1 Flying Bomb
« Reply #1 on: September 25, 2015, 23:07:25 »
No 616 (Fighter) Squadron RAF, based at RAF Culmhead in Somerset and then equipped with Spitfires, was selected to be the first to operate the Gloster Meteor, the RAF's first jet aircraft.
The squadron moved to Manston on  21 July 1944 and by 2 August had  thirteen Meteor Mk 1's. Up until 15 August the squadron was flying both Meteors and Spitfires.
Because of its high speed, the Meteor was first used against the pilotless V1 flying bomb, the first operational sortie being on 27 July. Two V1s were spotted, but gun trouble and the proximity of barrage balloons allowed them to escape.

The first success was on 4 August.
 
Flying Officer 'Dixie' "Dean took off from Manston at 1545 to patrol inland area under Kingsley ll (Biggin Hill) Control. At 1616 hours a Diver was sighted at 1000 ft near Tonbridge on course of 330, and a speed of 365 IAS. Dean dived down from 4500 ft at speed of 450 mph, and attacked from dead astern; his 4 x 20mm cannons failed to fire owing to a technical trouble now being investigated, so flying level alongside the bomb, Dean maneuvered his wing tip a few inches under the wing of the flying bomb and by pulling upwards sharply he sent the bomb diving to earth four miles South of Tonbridge.

F/O J. K. Rodger sighted a Diver at 1649 hrs. near Tenterden on course of 318 at 3000 ft speed 340 mph. Attacking from astern Rodger fired two bursts of 2 seconds and saw the Diver crash and explode, 5 miles N.W. of Tenterden."


The squadron claimed a total of thirteen V1 kills. All in August '44.
7 August. F/O Dean.
10. F/O Dean.
16. F/O Mckenzie, F/O Mullender.
17. F/O Ritch, Warrant Officer Woodacre, Flight Sergent Easy.
19. F/O Hobson, F/Sgt Watts.
28. F/O Hobson and F/Sgt Epps share kill.
29. F/O Miller.

On the 17 January 1945 the Squadron transferred to RAF Colerne, Wiltshire.

Reference.
616 Squadron, See 'The Jet Age' under History @ http://www.redtwo.plus.com/616/Welcomehist.htm

IWM (EPH 4609) Wing tip from the British Second World War Gloster Meteor Mark 1 aircraft, serial number EE 216. This aircraft had the distinction of gaining the first operational success by a jet-propelled aircraft. The achievement is recorded as a painted inscription on the wing tip: 'On 4th August 1944, over south east Kent, Flying Officer Dean of 616 Squadron in Gloster Meteor l aircraft EE 216 destroyed a Flying Bomb by directing it into the ground with this wing tip.

IWM (CL 2925) Gloster Meteor ls of No 616 Squadron at Manston, 4 January 1945. The Allies' first operational turbo-jet aircraft, the Meteor entered service with No 616 in July 1944, being employed against the V-1s. Despite its revolutionary power-plant (two 1,777lb-thrust Rolls-Royce Welland engines), the Meteor l's top speed of 410mph was below that of the Tempest or Spitfire XIV.

 

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