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Author Topic: Shorncliffe Redoubt  (Read 5098 times)

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Offline kyn

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Re: Shorncliffe Redoubt
« Reply #3 on: October 10, 2016, 21:32:07 »
During the threat of invasion by the French in the late 1700ís a redoubt was built upon the cliff at Shorncliffe, names Shorncliff Redoubt.  This was built as a result of a Board of Ordnance report on the state of Britainís defences in early 1794, a few months after the French declared war on Britain and Holland.  Colonel William Twiss, who was the Commander of the Royal Engineers, designed a fortification on some land above Sandgate.  There were two plans, however, it was unclear which was actually built.  The redoubt was later extended by General Sir John Moore in 1802. 

The redoubt working in conjunction with a series of batteries along the south coast as part of the anti-invasion defences; including Shorncliffe Battery positioned just below the redoubt, the Martello Towers and the Military canal.

In around 1855 the redoubt was declared obsolete and a two storey house was constructed on the site, it was to become the commandantís residence.  Between 1870 and 1898 further buildings were built and the landscaping changed.

This hasnít however removed all traces of the redoubt as a stroll in the woods reveals the remains of the western ramparts, firing step and terreplein.

You will have to excuse the very poor pictures, apparently my phone didn't like getting rained on!

The first shows the outside of the rampart on the western side, the second shows the terreplein (covered way) and rampart from the inside, as does the third.


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Re: Shorncliffe Redoubt
« Reply #2 on: January 08, 2015, 21:56:32 »
Shorncliffe Redoubt, Sir John Moore Barracks, Shorncliffe, Folkestone, Kent
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of the Results.
Wessex Archaeology, December 2006. 49 page paper with plans and drawings. pdf file-2.5 MB


'In March 2006 an archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4's 'Time Team' at the site of Shorncliffe Redoubt, near Folkestone, Kent (NGR 619306,135373) to investigate the remains of the Napoleonic Fort which stands on the site.

The aim of the evaluation was to identify remains within the redoubt which dated to the Napoleonic period, especially those identified from two maps by William Twiss dated 1794, which appear to show the original layout of the redoubt and buildings constructed within it. The project also aimed to identify the means of construction of the surrounding earthen rampart.

The project was largely unsuccessful in the identification of structures dated to the Napoleonic period within the redoubt. It became clear that the Twiss maps were a combination of 'as built' and 'as proposed' and therefore many of the structures depicted may never have been constructed. It was, however, clear that the main redoubt structure comprising earthen ramparts matches the Twiss maps, with slight alterations. There has been considerable activity on the Site in later periods, and this has also been a factor in the removal and obscuring of earlier Napoleonic structures.

The project was successful in potentially identifying the manner in which the surrounding rampart was constructed, by the identification of a possible gabion within the bank make-up. This would have been used to hold the redeposited natural sand in place, creating a strong defence.

Later periods of activity were identified within the redoubt from the mid 19th century onwards, when the site became the residence of the camp commandant. The evaluation trenches and landscape survey identified the remains of a two-storey building ('Redoubt House') and associated formal gardens. It was clear that much of the rampart defence on the southern side had been removed to provide a clear vista from the house across the Channel.'

Time-Team, Shorncliffe Redoubt, transmitted 11th February 2007.
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Shorncliffe Redoubt
« Reply #1 on: February 17, 2009, 15:09:11 »
I remember seeing Shorncliff Redoubt on Time Team a few years ago.

"Unlike most Time Team digs, there was no shortage of maps, plans and other historic documents to guide the Team at Shorncliffe Redoubt. Indeed, the existence of one set of plans in particular posed something of a problem on this excavation. This was Colonel William Twiss's plans for the construction of the redoubt, which turned out to include a number of features that were never actually built.

Among these were a series of diamond-shaped buttresses on the outer wall, together with an underground munitions store situated outside the main walls for safety reasons and accessible via a tunnel from inside the redoubt. Time Team's diggers spent many long, cold hours over the first couple of days searching for these features before finally concluding that they didn't exist." 


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