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Author Topic: Deal Parish History 1847  (Read 32044 times)

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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #15 on: February 02, 2011, 15:46:43 »


National Provincial, Lower St. Draw on London & Westminster,
W.C. Gemmell, Manager
Savings’ Bank, Middle St.
Robt. Petley, Secretary.


Brett, Thos.  Upper Deal
Eastman, John, (Whitesmith) 20 Middle St.
Follwell, Jph. 4 ½ Lower St.
Hicks, Wm.  77 Middle St.
Marsh, John,  184 Beach St.
Marsh, Simon,  8 West St.
Thompson, Hy. 52 Duke St.
Woodcock, John,  2 Queen St.


Allen, John, 4 Alfred Square
Bayly, Michael, 3 Dolphin St.
Chittenden, John, 143 Middle St.
Gardiner, Chas & Henry, Middle St.
Hayward Thos., Prospect House
Ratcliffe & Allen, Beach St.


*Have circulating Libraries.
*Baker, AWJ, Beach St.
Deveson, John, 182 Lower St.
*Girand, EF, 115 Beach St.
Hayward, thos. 23, Lower St.
Hayward, Geo, 112, Lower St.


Bax, Henry, 92 Beach St.
Brothers John, 174, Middle St.
Castle, Thos. 123 Lower St
Collard, Adam, 149 Beacah St.
Carpenter, Edw. 13 Duke St.
Cornwell, Vincent, 174, Lower St.
Gore, Rd. 7 Beach St.
Harris, Rd. 17 Beach St.
Long, Feo. 15 Lower St
Marlow, Rd. 162 Beach St
Marsh, Rd. 103 Middle St
Moat, Wm. Upper Deal
Mummery, Wm. Upper Deal
Pain, Thos. 141 Beach St
Paul, Wm. 144 Beach St
Reynolds, John, 11 Water St
Simmons, John, 8 Custom House Lane
Tuck, Jas. 195 Middles St.
Williams, Wm. 16 ½ St.



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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #14 on: January 29, 2011, 11:54:21 »
Thanks Alastair,  I'm afraid there will be a bit of delay now as an elderly family member has broken her hip, and we are to and fro the hospital at moment.

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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #13 on: January 28, 2011, 16:16:04 »
Marvellous, Busyglen. Well done for posting it. Look forward to more,


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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #12 on: January 27, 2011, 18:53:48 »

* Are  Ladies &  **Gentlemen’s Boarding Schools.

*Claringbold, Mrs Rebecca, 69 Middle St.
  Claribut, John S, 5 St. George’s Place
  Foster, Stph, 34 Prospect Place
  Gravener, Eliza & Carln. 13 Water St.
  King, Stph. 17 Griffin St.
*Hunter, Harriet, 50 Middle St.
*Hobday, Chltte, 1 Market St.
*Humphry, Mrs Jane, 5 Queen St.
**Lass, Wm. 12 Robert St.
National School, Middle St, Rt. Petley
Nautical School, Broad St. J. Botham
**Pritchard, Edw. Jackson, 36 Lower St.
**Reaks, Thos. Alfred House
**Vincent John, 50 Lower St.


Gravener, Jas & Son, 7 Coppen St.
Hulke, Benj. Lower St.
Mercer & Edwards, Queen St.
Surrage & Emmerson, 205 Middle St.


Castle Rd. 179 Lower St.
Langley Morris, 166 Lower St.


Bradley Martin, 21 Middle St.
Brooksby, Edw. Chas, 73, Beach St.
Brown, Wm. 24 Nelson St.
Cavell, John B. 3 Queen St.
Clark, Mary, 6 King St.
Darby, Edwd. Danby, 114, Lower St.
Hodges, Jas. 46 Lower St.
Kingfsford, Wm. 36 Beach St.
Lass, Wm. 176 Dower St.
Long, Peter, 18 Griffin St.
Long, Wm. 171 Beach St.
Marsh, Wm. Bayley, 181 Beach St.
Myhill, Wm. 150 Lower St.
Newing, Wm. 14 Gravel Walk.
Newton Benj. W. 127 Middle St.
Pain, Luke, 18. Broad St.
Parsons, Henry S. 10 Water St.
Phillpott, WD, 128 Beach St.
Selth, Wm. 1. North St.
Selth, ZT, 156 Middle St.
Spinner, EN. Middle St.
Turner, Thos. P. 3 King St.
Tucker, Wm. 11 Peter St.
White, Jas. Garner. Upper Deal
Williams, Wm. 171 Middle St.
Woodcock, John, 3 Propect Place.

More follows…


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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #11 on: January 25, 2011, 20:39:32 »
Look forward to it, Busyglen. Have you been out to the Goodwins? It's rather eerie - not like a sandy beach but gently undulating sand filled with pockets of water and it changes all the time. When I went back a year or so later to the same place, I didn't recognise it and there were bits of ship sticking out of the sand that weren't there berfore. Fascinating experience.

No I haven't Alastair, but I've seen film of it.  I'd be a bit nervous of getting caught on them!  :)

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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #10 on: January 25, 2011, 16:43:40 »
Look forward to it, Busyglen. Have you been out to the Goodwins? It's rather eerie - not like a sandy beach but gently undulating sand filled with pockets of water and it changes all the time. When I went back a year or so later to the same place, I didn't recognise it and there were bits of ship sticking out of the sand that weren't there berfore. Fascinating experience.


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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #9 on: January 24, 2011, 18:21:35 »
Thank you Alistair.

Ok, give me a break and then I will have a go.  There are about nine pages of names of roads etc. plus business men and their professions.  These will be more difficult as they are in lines, and not so quick as straight copy-typing text.

The reason I was so interested in Deal, is that my family history on my mother's side comes from there and surrounding villages.  I was also interested in the Goodwin Sands as well, so it was nice to get info about that.

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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #8 on: January 24, 2011, 16:32:31 »
Fantastic, Busyglen. I for one would love to see the other onfo, particularly streets, etc. Thank you so much for posting this Deal history.


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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #7 on: January 24, 2011, 16:06:38 »
This completes the info.  There is however a few pieces about Charities etc. and a long list of streets, rows, lanes, courts, etc, plus businesses, and gentry.  If anyone wants these posted, please let me know or I can photocopy the sheets for them. :)


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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #6 on: January 24, 2011, 16:03:27 »
GOODWIN SANDS. – On the opposite side of this channel, in a parallel line with Deal, are the Goodwin Sands, concerning the origin of which there are various opinions among the learned – some affirming them to have been an island called LOMEA, once the estate of Earl Godwin, whence they took their name, and to have been destroyed by the sea in 1097; whilst others, with a greater probability of truth, suppose them to have been occasioned by that inundation of the sea about the time of King Henry I, which was so great and violent as to drown a great part of Flanders and the Low Countries, before which this shelf or sand was only a kind of shallow lying between the English and Flemish coast, and was so far covered with water as never to lie dry, but had so high a sea running over it as never in the least to endanger the sailing over it, the two shores having flowed beyond its ordinary bounds and gained so much more room over those parts, the sea usually loosing in one place what it gains in another; this shelf or sand, for want of that sufficiency of water which before entirely covered it, became so near the surface of it, as when if was low, to appear part of it dry and to admit of people landing on it.  Some contend that the name originated from some of the ships of Earl Godwin having been wrecked on these sands; however that may be, the name serves to distinguish them from many other sands hereabouts.

As to the Goodwin Sand, it is much the larges of them all, and is divided into two parts, though the channel between them is only navigable for small boats.  The length of both of them- from the south sand head, over against Walmer Castle, to the north sand head, over against the north Foreland- is near ten miles, and the breadth nearly two.  Thjs sand consists of a more soft, porous, and tenacious matter than the neighbouring sands, and consequently is of a more voracious and ingurgitating  property; so that should a ship of the largest size strike on it in a few days it would be so wholly swallowed up by these quick sands, that much more dreadfully dangerous than on any of the neighbouring ones, which are of a much more hard and solid nature.  Notwithstanding this, several ships which have had the misfortune to run on these sands have been got off, though this has been but seldom.  A singular instance of this took place in 1690, when the Vanguard, a man-of-war, of 90 guns, having been driven on them was, by the assistance and dexterity of the Deal men, safely got off without any material damage.

When the water is off these sands become exceedingly hard and firm, insomuch that many land and stay hours on them for pleasure in summer, but when the tide begins to cover them they become soft, and soon float to and fro with the waves; and when they retire, settle the same as before.  The redness they occasion on the water is plainly discovered from the town of Deal and it’s neighbouring shore.

Upwards of fifty years ago the Corporation of Trinity House formed a design to erect a lighthouse upon them, and sent experienced engineers a design to erect a lighthouse upon them, and sent experienced engineers to examine them; but after repeated borings, finding the same spongy material as far as their instruments would reach, they judged it impracticable and the design was given up; but for the safety of navigation, a floating light was erected on the north sand head.  In 1847, another attempt was made by the Corporation of Trinity House for the erection of a beacon, and Dr. LH Pott’s new method of driving tubes was resorted to; it was completed in August in the same year, and from the stability of its formation most sanguine expectations were entertained by the shipping interest or its permanent success.  The beacon was sixty feet in height, and consisted of a cast-iron centre column or tube tow feet six inches in diameter, and was supported by four lesser tubes or piles, fifteen inches in diameter, nearly the same height, the whole held together by the  middle column forming a huge iron case, seventy feet in diameter.  The principal or middle column was put together in lengths of ten and twenty feet.  During 1st and 2nd of November 1847, the sea ran terrifically high, and the pilots missed the beacon; scarcely any portion of this caisson, on which a light was intended to be fixed, escaped the violence of the waves.  Another beacon placed on the sands was destroyed by a storm October 29th, 1847.


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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #5 on: January 24, 2011, 15:13:10 »
THE DOWNS – The channel of the sea adjoining to this shore is called the Downs; it is noted for being a safe and commodious road for the greatest fleets of ships and of the larges size, and is not unfrequently so filled with men-of-war and merchant ships, of our own as well as other nations, which rendezvous here both on their arrival and going out again, that it appears at times almost entirely covered with them.  Though the downs are esteemed a safe road on most occasions for shipping, yet on high winds from west-west by south, it is far otherwise, that wind blowing direct to the Goodwin Sands: a most fatal instance of which happened to the royal navy of Britain, on November 26th 1702, when a most tremendous storm commenced about eleven o’clock in the evening and continued till seven next morning, during which thirteen men-of-war were lost, of which the Restoration and Stirling Castle, third rates; the Mary, a fourth rate; and the Mortar Bomb were lost on the Goodwin Sands; with the greatest part of their crew, seventy men only being saved from the Stirling Castle and one from the Mary, in which latter Rear-Admiral Basil Beamont himself perished.  In 1692, there was an earthquake in England, which was most violent towards the sea: it reached more particularly Sandwich, Deal, Dover, Sheerness, and Porstmouth, and the maritime parts of Holland, Flanders, and Normandy.  The walls of Deal Castle, wheich are of an extraordinary thickness, shook so much, that the persons living in it expected they would have fallen on their heads.

Prince Charles, afterwards King Charles II, came into the Downs in August 1648, with a considerable fleet; and whilst he lay there, he attacked on the 15th of that month, the town of Deal, and the forces under Colonel Rich, intrenched there for its defence; but his force was soon put into disorder and entirely routed with considerable loss.


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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #4 on: January 24, 2011, 14:41:36 »
The ROYAL NAVAL HOSPITAL, is situated in the parish of Walmer and Dover road.  It is a noble building, having a frontage of about three hundred and sixty feet, which with the several buildings and burial ground, cover an area of about five acres.  It was erected on the site of an old hospital, originally a French prison.  The portico in the front is plain, and the roof in the centre is surmounted by a cupola and clock, which has four dials, and contributes much to the appearance of the building.  The Hospital will accommodate 250 patients; and stores are kept here for the reception of that number of invalids.  Part of the building is at present occupied by the coast guard.

The BARRACKS, situated on the Walmer road, and within the parish of Walmer, were erected in 1795, and consist of six commodious brick buildings, to hold a troop of cavalry and 1,100 infantry, and cover an area of about twenty-two acres.  The Hospital had accommodation for one hundred patients.  These Barracks are considered superior to any other in the kingdom for their internal arrangements, as well as for the salubrity of the situation.  Major R.B. Edwards is barrack-master.  In the year 1539, King Henry VIII built, for the defence of the country, THREE CASTLES, not far from each other, at Walmer, Deal, and Sandown, each having four round lunettes of very thick stone arched work, with many large port holes.  In the middle is a strong round tower, with a cistern on the top of it, and underneath an arched cavern, bomb proof; the whole is encompassed with a fosse, over which is a draw bridge.  Before these three castles between Deal and Walmer Castle, there were two eminences of earth, called the Great and Little Bulwark, and another between the north end of Deal and Sandown Castle; and probably others where the castles were erected, which had embrasures for guns, and together formed a defensive line along that part of the coast, when there was deep water, and where ships of war could approach the shore and cover the disembarking of an enemy’s army.  These together with others built in this county and in Sussex, with the captains of them, were put under the government of the lord warden of the cinque ports, by an Act of 32nd of Henry VIII.  There are handsome apartments fitted up for the residence of a famkly in Deal Castle, which commands a fine view of the Downs.  The Right Hon. Earl Dalhouse is the present Captain of Deal Castle.

SANDOWN CASTLE is partly situate in Sholden parish, and partly in that of Deal.  The moat, next to the sea, has been destroyed, and a massive wall built against the east side of the castle.  At high tide the water flows against the base, and the ramparts are mounted with heavy guns.  Colonel John Hutchinson, governor of Nottingham Castle and Member of Nottingham in the long Parliament, died in Sandown Castle, after eleven months’ imprisonment, without any accusation being brought forward against him, in 1663.  Three artillerymen, under the command of Captain Edward Harvey, are now stationed here.  On digging for sand near the castle, many roman coins have been dug up.

At BATTERY No. 1, in Sholden parish, two and a half miles N. from Deall, about thirty of the coast guard are daily exercised at the heavy guns; and nine men and their families reside at the Battery.


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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #3 on: January 24, 2011, 12:11:56 »
By the Parliamentary Boundary Act of the 2nd and 3rd of William IV, the adjoining parish of Walmer was united to Deal, and these, together with the town and port of Sandwich, return two Members to Parliament.  Under the Municipal Corporation Act, this borough is divided into two wards, and is governed by six aldermen and eighteen councillors.  The style of the style of the corporate body is the Mayor, Jurats, and Commonalty of the town of Deal, in the county of Kent.  There municipal boundaries were left unaltered.  A commission of the peace has been granted, and a court of quarter session appointed.  The present Justices of the Peace and Members of the Corporation are:-

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE – John Iggulden, Esq.; C. Kingsmill, Esq.; G. Hammond, Esq.; JE Dixon, Esq.; and W. Watt, Esq.
MAYOR – Henry Wise Harvey, Esq.;  RECORDER – J. Deedes, Esq.
ALDERMEN – Comfort Kingsmill, Esq.; Edward Iggulden, Esq.; George Hughes, Esq.; Edward Darby, Esq.; George Saffery, Esq.; and William Watt, Esq.
COUNCILLORS – North Ward – Norris Adams, Joseph Brown, Thomas Sutton, Charles Thomas Hills, Harrison Ralph, James Dowers, Thomas Reaks, Jacob Vile, Thomas Hight.  South Ward – James Wise, Emanuel Brown, Charles Chaplain, Henry Wise Harvey, Henry Cavill, Joseph Daniels Browning, Charles Lepine, Thomas Reader, Edward Spencer Curling.  TOWN CLERK – Benjamin Hulke Esq.

A PETTY SESSION  is held weekly.  George Mercer, Esq.; is Clerk to the Magistrates.

The MARKET DAYS are Tuesday and Saturday; and FAIRS for toys and pedlery are held on April 5th and October 12th.

The CUSTOM HOUSE – is situate in Lower-street, and the port is privileged to receive wines, spirits, and other goods in bonded warehouses.  The resident officers are – Isaac Walker, collector; Robert Raggett, comptroller; and W.R. Hodges, clerk.  Here the cinque ports pilots have an establishment.  They are appointed by the Lord Warden, and are for the conveyance of thsipping into and out of the Downs, and up the rivers Thames and Medway.

Her Majesty’s Naval Yard, near Deal Castle was a place of considerable importance in time of war.  It now contains great quantities of stores for ships of the navy which may require them in the Downs.  There are at present upwards of four hundred boatmen in Deal, whose business is to attend to the shipping in the Downs, and to render assistance to vessels in distress.  They are a hardy and courageous race of men; but from the precarious nature of their employment are often in a state of poverty.


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Re: Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #2 on: January 24, 2011, 10:45:12 »
The origin of Deal seems not to be know; it is by ancient writers called Dola and Dale, and in Domesday Survey, Addelam, taking its name from its situation, a low open plain upon the sea shore.  Most authors have agreed in opinion that Julius Caesar, in his first expedition, landed somewhere near this place, after having been repulsed by the Britons in his attempt to land at Dover.  On the fourth night after Caesar’s arrival, a great storm having damaged and destroyed many of his ships of burthen and filled the gallies, which were driven on shore with the tide, he caused the remains of his fleet, with great toil and labour, to be hauled further up the shore on dry land, and enclosed it with his camp within the same fortifications.  Where this naval camp was, can only be conjectured.  Some have supposed it to have been on the same spot where the southern part of Deal now stands; whilst others think that the Cut, now called the Old Haven, midway on the sands between Deal and Sandwich, is the place where Caesar secured his shattered fleet; and at this time, upon the shore about Deal, Sandown and Walmer, is a long range of heaps of earth, where Camden, Lambarde, Dr. Plot, and some others suppose this ship camp to have been, and which the former says in his time was called by the people `Rome's work.'

Next year, when Caesar made a second expedition hither, he most probably landed at or near the same place, as his route from hence must necessarily have been by Upper Deal Mill and Ripple in pursuit of the enemy, as he could not cross the great marshes of Mongeham, Norborne, or Ham; and from thence by Little Mongeham, Sutton Maimage, Barville, Eythorne, Barston, and Snowdowne, to his main camp on Barham Downs; along all which route there is a continued course of Roman works and intrenchments and tumuli.  The Romans afterwards constantly used the port of Richborough, upon all occasions when they sailed to this part of the coast, till the time of their wholly abandoning this island.  During all this time, the spot where great part of the town of Deal now stands, was an open plain, and the only village here, now called Upper Deal, was composed of the habitations of a few poor fisherman, but at a less distance from the sea than at present, owing to the great increase of beach thrown on this shore afterwards.  Leland, who wrote in the time of King Henry VIIIm seems to confirm this, for in his Itinerary he says `Deale, half a mile from the sea shore where is a Finshehervillage.' In a Chancery suit in 1663, a witness of the age of seventy-two deposed that he well knew the valley of Deal, and that for sixty years past, and before any house was built in that valley, which was certainly where the Lower street of Deal now is.

On the decay of the port of Richborough and the haven of Sandwich, the numerous ships employed in the rapid extension of the commerce of England, as well as the ships of war sailing from and towards the river Thames and the metropolis of England, found a safe and commodious road in the channel of the DOWNS, and it has since become a place of general rendezvous, having protection from the east, west, and north, and contains upwards of twenty square miles of good anchorage.  At the present time, it is no uncommon thing to see several hundred merchant ships of all sixes at anchor there, bearing the riches of the world to every people under heaven.  In 1809, more than 200 pennants were seen flying at the same moment.  This, of course, brought hither a continual supply of the stores necessary for shipping and quantities of provisions.  It occasioned a great resort of seafaring passengers, and others on their account, so that a new town arose along the shore, which in opposition to the more ancient village, since called Upper Deal, acquired the name of Lower Deal.

In the year 1229 this parish appears to have been esteemed within the liberty of the cinque ports, and annexed as a member of the port of Sandwich, and expressed in the charters to have been so time out of mind. Henry VI, to settle disputes, in his 16th year, by his letters patent, again annexed it and confirmed it to the jurisdiction of the cinque ports.  The borough of Deal was at that time governed by a deputy and assistants, nominated by the inhabitants and appointed by the Mayor and Jurats of Sandwich, and so continued till the reign of William III, when the inhabitants of Deal, having grown wealthy, began to feel the inconvenience of resorting to Sandwich upon every trifling occasion, for justice.  They accordingly petitioned for an exclusive Charter of Incorporation, to render them independent of Sandwich, which, after much opposition, was granted in 1669.  By this Charter it was made a free town and borough of itself, and a body corporate and politic, with a Mayor, twelve Jurats, and a Commonalty of twenty-four Common Council, together with a Recorder, Town Clerk, two Sergeants-at-Mace, a Clerk of the Markets, and other inferior officers.  The Mayor was Coroner by virtue of his office.  Those of the Jurats who were Justices within this liberty were so exclusive of the county of Kent, and held a Court of General Sessions of the Peace and Gaol-delivery, together with a Court of Record, with other priviledges, the same as other Corporations within the liberty of the cinque ports.

NB. All spellings as original.


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Deal Parish History 1847
« Reply #1 on: January 23, 2011, 19:15:44 »



DEAL  is a parish, borough, and market town, and sea port, and a member of the Cinque Port liberty of Sandwich, situated between the north and south foreland, 18 miles E.S.E. from Canterbury, 9 miles N. by E. from Dover, and 74 miles E.S.E from London, and 102 miles by railway.  It is partly situated in the Bewsborough Hundred, and partly in that of Cornilo, but was returned  with the former in 1841.  The Town of Deal, consists of upper, middle and lower Deal, the latter of which contains the principal part of the population, and extends along the shore, and is connected with Upper Deal, by Middle Deal.  The houses in Upper and Middle Deal, are detached and inhabited by the wealthier classes.  The town is well lighted and paved, and the air is considered very healthy, on which account numbers to it in summer, as well for pleasure as the benefit of sea bathing, for whose accommodation suitable improvements have been made.  The parish contains 1,153 acres of land.  In 1841 here were 1,394 inhabited houses, 103 uninhabited houses, and 3 houses building, with a population of 6,688 souls of whom 3,044 were males, and 3,644 were females.  Population in 1801, 5,420, in 1831, 7,268: rateable value £16,690. 10s. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Edward Iggulden, Esq., Mr. Thomas Reider, and others are landowners.

THE CHURCH dedicated to St. Leonard, is a large handsome structure situated at Upper Deal, having a tower steeple at the west end, with a wooden cupola or turret at the top.  The living is a rectory valued in the King’s books at £19.10s., now £580, in the patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and incumbency of the Rev. A.H. Duthie.  In 1819 the church was considerably enlarged and beautified;  the west gallery was built by the pilots in 1705.  In the church there is a brass plate against the wall for Thomas Boy’s Esq. who attended Henry the VIII at the siege of Bologne, and died in 1560.  In the middle space is the Coppin tomb erected by that family, who lie buried underneath it.  The advowson of this church was anciently appendant to the prebend in this parish which was part of the possessions of the priory of St. Martin in Dover, on the dissolution of which in the 27th year of Henry VIII it came into the hands of the crown, and was afterwards granted to the Archbishop.  The rector is only entitled to one third part of the great tithes of this parish, the other two thirds belong to the Archbishop and Earl Cooper.  The demesnes of the manor of Deal prebend are demised by the Archbishop, free from all tithe.  The executors of the late William White, Esq. are entitled to the great tithes of Chamberlains fee amounting to £70, but the tenants in the town of Deal pay no tithes.  The tithes paid to the rector amounted to £464.

ST. GEORGE’S CHAPEL is a handsome and spacious brick fabric, in the centre of Lower street, consecrated in 1716, for the building of which and act was obtained in the 9th year of Queen Anne.  It was built at a cost of £2,554 of which £422 was raised  by voluntary subscriptions, and the rest by an act passed in the year 1712, by which a duty of 2s. was laid upon every ton of coals brought into the town and port of Deal, from the year 1712 to 1727, to be applied to the building, furnishing, and adorning the said chapel, and enclosing the burial ground. The chapel measures eighty feet by fifty, and the roof is of curious frame work, composed of choice materials, and having no pillars to interrupt the view, the whold as a noble and majestic appearance.  It contains several interesting monuments one of which, remembers David Ross, 2raised by King William IV, as a testimony of His Majesty’s sincere regard for a meritorious shipmate.”  There is also a monument to the memory of Nicholas Carter, D.D. who was upwards of sixty years minister of this chapel.  The building was enlarged and beautified in 1821, at a cost of £621.  The living is a perpetual curacy, in the patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and incumbency of the Rev. Montague Pennington, MA.

It is intended during the present year, 1848, to erect a NEW CHURCH at the north end of Lower Street, for which purpose the sum of £2,000 has already been subscribed.

THE INDEPENDENT CHAPEL is a convenient and commodious building erected in 1803.  This religious society had a place of worship here at a very early period, a gravestone in the burial ground has the date 1689, since which time interments have constantly taken place.  The Rev. T. H. Browne is the pastor.

THE METHODIST CHAPEL Duke-street, is a neat brick building erected in 1806, which will accommodate 400 hearers, adjoining the chapel are Sunday schools attended by 190 scholars.

THE BAPTIST CHAPEL Nelson street, is a plain brick structure, erected in 1814, and will seat about 400 persons.  This congregation is under the pastoral care of the Rev. William Roberts.  The Baptists have also a chapel in Lower-street, an old building, which has not been used for several years.

PROVIDENCE CHAPEL Situated in St. George’s-row, is a small brick building, erected in 1837, and used by the Dissenters of the Calvanistic persuasion.

THE NATIONAL SCHOOL, in Middle-street, was established in 1792; the premises were formerly used as a private residence, and have been converted to their present use for the accommodation of 100 children of each sex.  It is supported by voluntary contributions, donations, and bequests.  It is also used as a Sunday School.  There are also Sunday Schools connected with the various Dissenting Chapels in the Town.

THE NAUTICAL SCHOOL, for Deal and Walmer, is in Broad-street, and was instituted in 1834.  It is supported by annual subscriptions, and up to the year 1847 there had been admitted two hundred and seventy-one pupils, of which one hundred and ninety-four have been sent to sea.

THE SAVINGS BANK, held at the National School, was established in 1826, and on November 20th, 1846, the amount deposited was £84,157, and the total number if depositors 871, of whom 38 were Charitable and 3 Friendly Societies.  At the same period there were 407 depositors, whose respective balances did not exceed £20; 240 did not exceed £50; 122 not exceeding £11; 50 not exceeding £150; and 11 above that sum and not exceeding £200.  Mr. Robert Petley, secretary.

THE COURT HALL, was built in 1803, principally by funds in the nature of loans, upon the bonds of the Corporation.  The structure, with the market house, gaol, and factor’s house, cost £2,961.12s. 5d.  In the hall are held the quarter sessions for the borough; there is a council chamber, and a separate room for the magistrates.  The gaol contains four cells, and arrangements have been made for sending prisoners to Sandwich.

A COURT OF RECORD, for the recovery of debts to the amount of £100, has become obsolete.  A COURT OF REQUESTS, for the recovery of debts under 40s, was instituted under an Act of Parliament, passed in the 25th of George III, which extended over ten adjoining parishes.  This has now been suspended by the COUNTY COURT, for the recovery of debts to the amount of £20, which embraces the whole of the parishes in the Eastry Union.  T.C. Hall, is the Clerk.

THE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Lower-street, is a plain brick building of which Mr Thomas Hayward is the proprietor.  Assemblies are occasionally held during the season, and are numerously attended by the fashionable circles of the neighbourhood.

THE ROYAL ADELAIDE BATHS AND READING ROOM, Beach-St. established in 1835, and so called by the express permission of Her Majesty, consists of spacious reading room, library, and baths, comprising warm, shower, and cold baths, and a plunging bath in the basement.  There are also a number of bathing machines on the beach belonging to the same proprietor.

THE PIER – From the influx of visitors, and to facilitate the communication with the shipping in the Downs, the inhabitants formed a Joint Stock Company, and in 1838 obtained an Act authorising the construction of a wooden pier or jetty, and to make other improvements to enable the passengers to land at all times without getting into small boats.  Accordingly, a pier was built of wood to the extent of 250 feet, which it is intended to carry out to double its length as soon as the funds will admit.

THE GAS WORKS, in Cannon-street, were built in 1834 by Mr. John Bryan, and were afterwards sold to a company of shareholders.  The gasometer will hold 9000 cubic feet of gas, which is supplied to private consumers at the rate of 9s. per 1000 cubit feet.

WATER WORKS, An Act of Parliament was obtained in 1840 for the supply of Deal and Walmer with water, in consequence of which water works were constructed on the high ground, near Upper Deal Mill, about two miles from the market place, and at such an elevation that the water rises to the tops of the highest houses. The
Inhabitants have now an abundant supply of this precious fluid distributed all over the town by means of several miles of piping.

THE STAMP OFFICE, is at Mr. BF Christian’s, Beech-street; and the Excise Office at the Royal Oak Inn, Middle-street.

THE RAILWAY STATION,  is about a quarter of a mile south from the market-place.  It is a branch of the South Eastern Company from Minster, on the Ramsgate and Canterbury line.  It is in contemplation to carry on the line to Dover, and the project was before Parliament during the session of 1846, when the committee declared it to be a very desirable undertaking, and one that would, probably, be ultimately sanctioned, but was then disallowed on account of the financial state of the country.


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